Third Hour Exam Review Sheet

Third Hour Exam Review Sheet - Exam #3 Review Sheet 1 Third...

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Exam #3 Review Sheet 1 Third Hour Exam Review Sheet Government 310L Professor Andrew Karch Key Terms Free rider problem: occurs when people can enjoy the benefits of group activity without bearing any of the costs. This is especially apparent if the group is very large or if it’s benefits are very broad. There are 4 ways to overcome the “free rider problem” which are if the group is very small (ex: airlines vs. hotels after 9/11), the use of coercion (ex: an attorney and the state bar, teacher and certification, and specialized trade and a license), selective benefits (ex: AARP and the discounts) or a patron (a person thinks so strongly that they endure the extreme personal cost to counter the free rider). Public good: this is anything that the public at large can partake in and benefit from. Also the use, enjoyment, attainment, etc. of this good does not prevent others from enjoying, benefiting, etc. from this as well. An example of this would be like cleaner air or cleaner rivers and lakes. Selective benefit: these are side benefits of belonging to an organization that are limited to contributing members of the organization. An example of this would be the discounts for AARP members of free pizza to the members of a student organization on campus. Purposive incentive: this is an incentive where anyone who joins because they believe very strongly in a cause. They wish to advance the social or political gains of a certain group. It is cause-based incentive. Grassroots lobbying: these are attempts to activate elected officials’ constituents. It is more common due to technological shifts and the perception that government is more open. They are trying to mobilize the constituents to force their reps to do certain things. It is also more common because there is an idea that government is more open, so they are more susceptible to public opinion Advocacy explosion: there are three main areas that saw major gains during the “advocacy explosion.” They are public interest groups, economic interest groups, and government interest groups. Organized labor (labor unions) has seen a marked decrease in advocacy since the beginning of the “explosion.” Public groups would include women, minorities, consumers, the environment, etc. Economic interest groups tend to focus more narrowly not than previously (replaced broad-based economic interest groups) they would include groups like the Business Roundtable. Government interest groups represent workers in the public sector. An example of this type would be the National Association of Student Financial Aid Administrators. Single-issue group: these are groups that will focus on one single issue. They have a very narrow focus and tend to stick solely to that one topic. An example of this would be the NRA. They may have a lot of “checkbook members” and they are typically HQ in D.C.
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Third Hour Exam Review Sheet - Exam #3 Review Sheet 1 Third...

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