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Introduction to Language, Society, and CultureChapter 1: Introduction to Linguistic Performance and SociolinguisticCompetence1Course ModuleModule 001 Introduction to LinguisticPerformance and Sociolinguistic CompetenceAt the end of this module, you are expected to:1.Differentiateterm Linguistic Performance and SociolinguisticCompetence2.Identify the influences and errors in Linguistic Performance3.Discuss the features of Sociolinguistic PerformanceCommunicative competence has to be recognized as the mostsignificant component in the language user’s way of speaking, way ofwriting, way of listening, way of reading and above all, the way ofusing the language in the practical context.It has been explicated that the innate ability of using the language inthe practical context can very well be decided only on the potentialitythat the learner acquires unconsciously the language norms togetherwith the societal norms.The concept of communicative competence was originally derivedfrom Chomsky’s distinction between competence and performance.By competence Chomsky meant the shared knowledge of the idealspeaker-listenersetinacompletelyhomogeneousspeechcommunity.”Such underlying principle enables a user of a language to produceand understand an infinite set of sentences out of a finite set of rules.Performance on the other hand is concerned with the process ofapplyingthe underlying principle to theactual language usecommonly stated as encoding and decoding.“Language use in a certain communication couldn’t beunderstand if apersondoesn’t knowhow to use proper words that is acceptable bythe society. This module will discuss the difference between Linguisticperformance and Sociolinguistic competence of a person.”“It also discusses the different reasons why there’s a problem on howa certain person speak through his communicative performance andcompetence.”
The History and the proponents of Competence and PerformanceFerdinand de SaussureA Swiss linguist whose ideas on structure in languagelaid the foundation of the 20thcentury linguistics. He used the terminology:lalangueandparole.Noam Chomsky“An American linguist, first introduced the concept ofperformanceandcompetenceas part of the foundation for his Generativegrammar.De Saussure’s Theory”La langueit has a large number of elements whereby meaning is created by thearrangements between the elements and their consequent relationships. While learning alanguage, we master the system of grammar, spelling, syntax, and punctuation (elements oflanguage). La langue precedes andmakes speech possible.”Parole–“is the actual utterances. It is an external manifestation of langue. It is theusage ofthe system, but not the system.”His theory differentiates between the language and how it is used, and thereforeenables these two very different things to be studied as separate entities. Saussure

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Term
Spring
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Tags
Society and Culture, sociolinguistic competence, Language Attitudes, Linguistic performance, Linguistic Belief Systems

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