Electronic, techno and house musicIntroductionTechnological advances have changed the world we live in. Their contribution to musichas altered some music genres and given rise to new ones. Among the most relevant modern contributions to music are synthesizers, samplers, computers and drum machines. Synthesizers allowed for varying the sound of live as well as recorded music. In addition, the melody, rhythm and harmonic structures could easily be altered. When used for popular music, it is known by such names as house, techno, electro or nu-wave, among others. It became particularly important in the 21st century for dancing as it could create a hypnotic environment with loud sounds.Dance music in the digital ageDespite the decline of disco in the 1980s, a new type of dance music was developing. It contained up-tempo and hypnotic repetitive structures. This was electronic dance music and it came out of the dance clubs in New York, Chicago and Detroit as well as house and garage music that had begun in the 80s. Many other names and types of music are considered part of this genre such as jungle, funky breaks, ambient and drum 'n' bass.For techno music, like other genres that rely on technological resources, DJs are essential. The difference with techno music is that the DJs are not performers as they are in hip hop. In techno, they work behind the scenes often anonymously.The roots of technoTechno goes farther back than the dance or disco heard in clubs in prominent cities. Many say that it was Detroit where it all began. In the 80s, a group of African American men were living in the Detroit suburb, Belleville. Early Detroit techno music also spawned a specific cultural scene. The Alvin Toffler book, "The Third Wave" helped define what techno would be. They adopted the phrase, “techno rebels” to describe the musical style. Early producers, Juan Atkins and Derrick May, promotedItalian fashion and futuristic imagery. Later they added sampling from European music, a minimalistic sound, and subliminal funk.
Techno music characteristicsTechno music, like house music, relies on the four on the floor rhythm pattern. The