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Protozoa - deficiency and pregnant people toxoplasmosis...

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Protozoa A. Protozoa 1. Animal-like Protista a. Mobility b. Contractile vacuole- pushes water out of cell, only need in fresh water 2. Phyla a. Rhizopoda- amoebas - fresh or salt water
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- body shape- can change, can make psuedopods, cytoskeletons, control change of shape - phagocytosis- pseudopod engulfs algae → endocytic vesicle → lysosome fuses to digest - Amoeba proteus - Entamoeba histolytica- amoebic dysentery- severe diarrhea b. Actinopoda - axopodia psuedopods that help keep Actinopoda afloat - plankton (1) heliozoans- fresh water (2) radiolarians- salt water, shell made of silica c. Foraminifera
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- marine - shell- made of calcium carbonate “chalk” d. Apicomplexa - parasitic- cause diseases - no locomotion Ex) –Plasmodium spp- causes malaria, grows in Red Blood Cells, quinine used to treat - Toxoplasma- get from cat’s feces, susceptible- autoimmune
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Unformatted text preview: deficiency and pregnant people, toxoplasmosis, spreads infection to brain, encephalitis e. Zoomastigophora- have flagella- Trichonympha- found inside of termites, have enzymes to digest cellulose (1) symbiosis- the termite and trichonympha live together, both benefit (mutualism)- Trypanosoma- symbiosis-parasitism, one partner benefits the other is harmed, causes African sleeping sickness (Tse Tse fly), infects circulatory system, then nervous system, then coma, then death- Giardia- parasitism, eukaryotic, cytoskeleton, nucleus (diploid), no membrane bound organelles. f. Ciliophora- paramecium (1) chitin- pellicle (2) cilia (3) multinucleated- micronucleus (involved in sexual reproduction) and macronucleus (responsible for all characteristics of organism...
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