IOSR Journal of Research & Method in Education (IOSR-JRME)
Volume 2, Issue 6 (Jul.
Aug. 2013), PP 09-17
9 | Page
Effectiveness of a Multiple Intelligences Teaching Approach Drug
Education Programme on Pupils’ Attitude to Drug Abuse
Evelyn Nwanebe Nwagu
(Department of Health and Physical Education, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria)
The researcher developed a drug education programme based on Multiple Intelligences Teaching
Approach (MITA) and evaluated the effectiveness of same on the attitude of pupils (11 - 13 year old) towards
drug. The differential effect of the programme on pupils of different sex and school location were explored. The
study, a quasi experimental study involved 91 pupils who were grouped into experimental (taught with the
MITA) and control (taught with the usual Traditional Lecture Method) groups. The result revealed that the
experimental group had a mean attitude score that was significantly higher than that of the control group. While
the MITA had no significant differential effect on pupils’ attitude due to sex, its positive impact on healthy
attitudinal development was more manifest with urban based pupils. It was concluded that the MITA was more
effective than the usual Traditional Lecture Method in helping pupils to develop healthy attitude towards drugs.
Attitude, Drug abuse, Multiple Intelligences Teaching Approach, Traditional Lecture Method
Background to the study
Attitudes to alcohol, tobacco and other drugs vary based on socio-cultural setting. In many societies,
attitude to drugs are formed as a result of prevailing beliefs and practices. The school however is a social force
that can be utilized to change or modifying attitudes and behaviours which the society disapproves of . The
school is able to do this through the use of effective teaching approach that is able to help learners attain mastery
of subjects for easy transfer of what they learnt to real life situation . The Traditional Lecture Method (TLM)
of teaching which is still being adopted by many Nigerian teachers [3-6] has been shown to be flawed and not
capable of bringing about the desired effect in learners in drug education and other disciplines .
In spite of the school drug education, the number of Nigerian youths abusing drug is increasing and the
age of initiating drug use is decreasing [7-10]. The many problems associated with drug abuse have made drug
abuse prevention a global concern [11, 12]. The increase in the prevalence of drug use among Nigerians
demands that an effective preventive programme of drug education that will help younger persons develop
positive attitude to drug should be developed and used for pupils before they initiate drug use.