AP Biology \u2013 DNA (Chapter Five) Vocabulary Study Guide - AP Biology DNA(Chapter Five Vocabulary Study Guide Polymer a long molecule consisting of many

AP Biology u2013 DNA (Chapter Five) Vocabulary Study Guide...

This preview shows page 1 - 2 out of 4 pages.

AP Biology – DNA (Chapter Five) Vocabulary Study Guide Polymer a long molecule consisting of many similar or identical building blocks linked by covalent bonds Monomers small molecules that are the repeating units that serve as the building blocks of a polymer Dehydration reaction a reaction in which two molecules are covalently bonded to each other through loss of a water molecule to form larger molecules (a condensation reaction) Macromolecule giant molecules with masses of hundreds of thousands of Daltons Hydrolysis a process that is essentially the reverse of the dehydration reaction, and is when polymers are disassembled to monomers - they use enzymes to do this Carbohydrates include both sugars and the polymers of sugars -the simplest of these are the monosaccharides (single sugars) also known as simple sugars Monosaccharides single sugars that are the simplest carbohydrates -generally have molecular formulas that are some multiple of the unit CH2O -glucose is the most common one of these Disaccharides double sugars, consisting of two monsaccharides joined by a glycosidic linkage Polysaccharides carbohydrates that are macromolecules and are composed of many sugar building blocks joined by glycosidic linkages Glycosidic linkage a covalent bond formed between two monosaccharides by a dehydration reaction Starch a storage polysaccharide of plants that is a polymer consisting entirely of glucose monomers -most of these monomers are joined by 1-4 linkage (number 1 carbon to number 4 carbon) Amylose the simplest form of starch, which is unbranched Glycogen

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture