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RELATIONSHIPS AMONG COLLEGE SUCCESS AND STUDENT WORKINGSTATUSbyDeanna WaleriusMiddle Tennessee State UniversityA Thesis Presented tothe Graduate Facultyin Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree inMasters of Arts in PsychologyMay 2017Thesis Committee: Dr. James O. Rust, ChairDr. Seth MarshallDr. Monica Wallace
iiABSTRACTThe current thesis posited that increased hours worked while attending Middle TennesseeState University would negatively relate to measures of college success including gradepoint average (GPA) and 1-year attrition.Other variables predicted to be negativelycorrelated with hours worked were self-reported hours preparing for class, credit hourefficiency (credit hours earned divided by number of hours attempted), and receivingfinancial aid assistance.Only a single hypothesis found significant results.ForHypothesis 3, I found a significant inverse correlation between off-campus hours workedand credit hour efficiency. Surprisingly, on-campus work was positively related to credithour efficiency.Thus, for one hypothesis on-campus vs. off-campus work determinedwhether there was a positive or negative relationship with an important measure ofcollege success. The remaining hypotheses looked at relationships between hours workedand grade point averages, hours spent preparing for class, receiving financial aid, studentattrition, class level (freshman/senior) and gender.All of these relationships wereinsignificant.
iiiTABLE OF CONTENTSLIST OF TABLES………………………………………………………………………...vCHAPTERSI.INTRODUCTION.…………………………………………….……………...1Importance of Working Correlated with College Success....……………..1Working in America.……………………………………………………...2Rate of Employment.……………………………………………………..5Attendance Rates and Working Status.…………………………………..6Grade Point Average.…………………………………………………….8School Involvement and Work Status.……………………...…………...9Race.....………………………………………………………………….11Gender.………………………………………………………………….12Conclusion.……………………………………………………………..13Purpose of the Current Study..………………………………………....14Hypotheses...…………………………………………………………...14II.METHOD.………………………………………………………………....18Participants..………….………………………………………………..18Design....………………………….……..…………………………….18Procedure.………………….…………….…………………….……...19Materials..……………………………...……………………….……..20
ivIII.RESULTS..………………………………………………………………..21Descriptive Statistics..………………………………………………...21Hypotheses...…………………………………………………………..24IV.DISCUSSION.………………………………………………………...…..34Conclusions.…………………………………………………………...36Limitations.……………………………………………………………38REFERENCES....………………………………………..…………………………....39APPENDICES………………………………………………………………………...41APPENDIX A: IRB EXEMPTION LETTER……………..………………….42
vLIST OF TABLESTable 1.Variable Table……………………………………………………………....21Table 2.Demographics Table…………………………………………………….......23Table 3.Complete Correlations Table……………………………………………......30Table 4.Spearman’s Rho Complete Correlations Table…………………………......32
1CHAPTER IINTRODUCTIONThis thesis looks at working status with particular emphasis on how it maycorrelate with measures of success among college students.

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Term
Winter
Professor
NoProfessor
Tags
Correlation and dependence, Pearson product moment correlation coefficient, Spearman s rank correlation coefficient

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