Effecs of WWI on USMC

Effecs of WWI on - Effects of World War I on the United States Marine Corps The United States Marine Corps has had a long history serving in every

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Effects of World War I on the United States Marine Corps The United States Marine Corps has had a long history, serving in every conflict in U.S. history. In each conflict the Marine Corps learned from experience and strived to become a better military force. Prior to World War I, the Marine Corps went through changes and reorganization, but it was the war that was the catalyst for everything to follow. In World War I the changes to the Marine Corps were dramatic and can still be seen today. At the turn of the century technological changes were eliminating the role of Marines as ships’ policemen and sharpshooters. Support of the Monroe Doctrine lead the U.S. to project its power to many foreign lands such as China, Nicaragua, Samoa, Philippines, etc. Also the success at Manila Bay and Guantanamo Bay shifted attention towards amphibious assault and defense of advanced bases. At the start of World War I the United States Marine Corps was at a crossroads of changing the overall mission of their service. Achievements in World War I, such as Belleau Wood, Soissons, and St. Mihiel, guaranteed the survival of the Corps. Along with the Marines achievements came the publicity back home which helped in recruitment and made “Marine” a household word. Post World War I lead to reorganization which focused on combined arms and introduced serious training in amphibious assault and aviation. World War I gave valuable experience to the Marine Corps as a whole, which provided serious problems to study for the next couple decades, problems which it would have to overcome in the next World War. Advanced Base School After the war with Spain, the United States assumed control of overseas territory vulnerable to European and Asian powers. The U.S. Navy began to “consider the full
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
implication of defending the nation’s maritime domain” (Millett 267). In 1900 the General Board, a committee of nine officers, assumed the task of assessing the nation’s strategic challenges. The General Board came to the conclusion that “maritime attacks on the United States were possible in both the Pacific and the Caribbean and that the American battle fleet would have to meet these attacks without fixed bases” (Millett 270). In 1914 the Marines discovered just how difficult an advanced base force exercise could be with the Culebra maneuvers. The General Board decided that the time had come to conduct an actual advance base maneuver. The board, after “consultations with Marine Major General Commandant Biddle, Lieutenant Colonel Lucas, the Commandant of the Advance Base School and other Marine Officers” (Millett 271) drew up a proposal to the Secretary of the Navy for advance base exercise. The Marines arrived at Culebra on the 10 th of January and set up defensive positions. On the 18 th simulated attacks on the island began with the Navy ships “bombarding the island, vigorously opposed by Marine gunners” (Burrell 112). The second phase of the Culebra maneuver included a landing of
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course HH HH104 taught by Professor Proffeld during the Spring '08 term at Naval Academy.

Page1 / 9

Effecs of WWI on - Effects of World War I on the United States Marine Corps The United States Marine Corps has had a long history serving in every

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online