Homework_1_Solutions - E322 Intermediate Macroeconomics...

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E322: Intermediate Macroeconomics Home work 1: Solutions 2. Coal producer, steel producer, and consumers. (a) (i) Product approach: Coal producer produces 15 million tons of coal at $5/ton, which adds $75 million to GDP. The steel producer produces $10 million tons of steel at $20/ton, which is worth $200 million. The steel producer pays $125 million for 25 million tons of coal at $5/ton. The steel producer’s value added is therefore $75 million. GDP is equal to $75 million $75 million $150 million. (ii) Expenditure approach: Consumers buy 8 million tons of steel at $20/ton, so consumption is $160 million. There is no investment and no government spending. Exports are 2 million tons of steel at $20/ton, which is worth $40 million. Imports are 10 million tons of coal at $5/ton, which is worth $50 million. Net exports are therefore equal to $40 million $50 million $10 million. GDP is therefore equal to $160 million ( $10 million) $150 million. (iii) Income approach: The coal producer pays $50 million in wages and the steel producer pays $40 million in wages, so total wages in the economy equal $90 million. The coal producer receives $75 million in revenue for selling 15 million tons at $15/ton. The coal producer pays $50 million in wages, so the coal producer’s profits are $25 million. The steel producer receives $200 million in revenue for selling 10 million tons of steel at $20/ton. The steel producer pays $40 million in wages and pays $125 million for the 25 million tons of coal that it needs to produce steel. The steel producer’s profits are therefore equal to $200 $40 million $125 million $35 million. Total profit income in the economy is therefore $25 million $35 million $60 million. GDP therefore is equal to wage income ($90 million) plus profit income ($60 million). GDP is therefore $150 million. (b) There are no net factor payments from abroad in this example. Therefore, the current account surplus is equal to net exports, which is equal to ( $10 million). (c) As originally formulated, GNP is equal to GDP, which is equal to $150 million. Alternatively, if foreigners receive $25 million in coal industry profits as income, then net factor payments from abroad are ( $25 million), so GNP is equal to $125 million. 3. (a) Product approach : Firm A produces 50,000 bushels of wheat, with no intermediate goods inputs. At $3/bu., the value of Firm A’s production is equal to

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