anthro notes 3

anthro notes 3 - Applied Anthropology -Anthropology often...

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Applied Anthropology -Anthropology often seen as a theoretical field (knowledge for knowledge’s sake) -However – there is more “proactive” side to anthropology -“Fifth field” of anthropology -Applied Anthropology: The application of anthropological data, perspectives, theory and methods identify, assess, and solve social problems -Application of specialized knowledge and skills to problem solving -AAs often work for non-academic clients (e.g., NGO’s tribal and ethnic associations, interest groups, international businesses, etc) -…like many scientific fields, had a dubious beginning -Many of the earliest AAs were associated with colonialism… -…they worked with the colonizing government to improve the assimilation/ control of the colonized people -Field grew rapidly during WWII -AAs helped government officials better understand the cultures of their allies and enemies; -figured out ways to raise moral of troops; -used anatomical research to redesign planes, weapons, etc. -were also involved in the internment of Japanese-Americans in the U.S. -CIA agents have posed as anthropologists in the past to collect intelligence information (Vietnam, cold war era, Cuba, etc.) -So – AAs have been involved in some questionable things in the past – reputation better today -Also –line between applied research and basic research not always clear… -…in the past, data collected have been unintentionally used against the people that are being studied American Anthropological Association’s Committee on Ethics
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-To help anthropologists deal with ethical dilemmas they are constantly faced with… -…AAA has written ethical guidelines -#1 concern should be toward the people they are studying, above/ beyond any scientific merit that might be gained. -So – subjects over research AAA’s COE -“The Committee on Ethics is a standing committee of the Association, which is responsible for the design and implementation of the Association’s ethics education and advisory program. The objectives of the ethics education program are: 1. To increase the number of candidates for all degrees in anthropology receiving training in ethics before graduating; 2. to provide ongoing education in ethical issues for all AAA members, and 3. to provide advice to AA members facing/ raising ethical dilemmas.” Applied Anthropology -AAs come from the 4 major subfields: o Physical (Biological) Anthropology: AAs work in public health, nutrition, genetic counseling, epidemiology, aging, mental illness, conservation issues Also apply knowledge of human anatomy and physiology to car safety, design of airplanes and spacecraft, etc. o Forensic Anthropologists aid police in solving crimes and/ or help identify bodies o Archaeology Create legislation requiring surveys of prehistoric and historic sites threatened by dams, highways, and other federal projects This kind of Archaeology is known as Cultural Resource Management (CRM) They often work for government, museums, Native American tribes and private
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course SOC 120-01 taught by Professor Mackinnon during the Fall '08 term at Saint Louis.

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anthro notes 3 - Applied Anthropology -Anthropology often...

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