Restructured Notes 101 - Regions NileRiver o...

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Restructured Notes 101  Regions:  Nile River o Two sources of the nile: Lake Victoria(white nile) and Lake Tana (blue  nile) o Both of these sources come together in ancient Nubia  o Divides Egypt into a Marshy delta area (Upwards, North) and Rocky area  with rapid (Downwards, South) Nubia o Divided into 2 major regions, Lower and Upper Nubia o 6 cataracts w/in Nubia o Located Northern Sudan and Southern Egypt Luxor/Thebes  o City located in Upper Egypt o Many important people buried there like King Tut o West bank of the city was called Necropolis- city of the dead, area of  tombs Western Desert o Contains Oasis like Dakhleh and Kharga o The oasis were used for transportation that helped commerce o Located near the first cataract of Nubia  Eastern Desert o Section of the Sahara desert East of the Nile River o Provided rich supply of stones and ores like marble and gold o Wadi Hammamat-port city where graffiti was found Lower Egypt o Begins at Memphis and branches of to two main branches- Rosetta branch  and Damietta branch  o Fertile, marshes, swamps, nile river flooding b/c of rainfall o Egyptian creation myth: There was darkness but a watery chaos where a  mound appeared and the god created everything  Thebe s: Minor trading post during old kingdom Rival power to herakleolis, forms 11 th dynasty Capital of Egypt during new kingdom Also get the rise of god Amon with the rise of Thebes
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Deir El-Bhari : o West bank of thebes o Site of Mentuhoteps funerary complex o Place in the desert choosing to be buried near clifs- burial site surrounded the site o Had an original tomb on the upper chamber- they believe it was unfinished o Found a statue of Osiris- painted black representing the underworld- wearing a red crown showing rule of lower Egypt Discovered by Eduoard Naville in the early 1900’s: Helped clear the temple of menuhotep, his last excavation was in Abydos in 1910, born in Geneva and trained in Egyptology, was the first excavator appointed by the Egypt Exploration Fund Lower Nubia: Ses III was able to push Egyptian control as far as the area of the 2 nd cataract Established forts along the nile river (17 forts) Forts protected access to raw materials like gold Buhen: Excavated in 1960’s, by Emory, near the southern end Hundreds of men were needed to construct, maintain, and fight the fort- an accomplishment Fortress as two walls where the people live in the middle part Effort made to fortify the side near the desert 3. Significant Pyramids: Great Pyramid of Kufu/giza Largest pyramid ever built, it incorporates about 2.3 million stone blocks 3 known chambers: kings chamber, queens chamber, and lower chamber that is built on the bedrock Oldest of the seven wonders of the ancient world
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