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compfor paper - Computer Hacking Computer hacking is a...

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Computer Hacking Computer hacking is a large topic to discuss in a research paper. There are so many parts that make up this subject, from the technology, sociology, effects, and protections for the public. To narrow down the discussion, I have chosen to focus on the reasons behind hacking and the world’s outlook on this problem. Hacking has been around for more than a century. In the 1870s, several teenagers were flung off the country's brand new phone system by enraged authorities. The concept of hacking entered the modern culture at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in the 1960s. Popular opinion at MIT posited that there are two kinds of students, tools and hackers. A ``tool'' is someone who attends class regularly, is always to be found in the library when no class is meeting, and gets straight As. A ``hacker'' is the opposite: someone who never goes to class, who in fact sleeps all day, and who spends the night pursuing recreational activities rather than studying. There was thought to be no middle ground. Right away, the cultural attitude towards this newfound ability appears interesting. “Hackers” are looked upon as rebels, but the perception of the rebel has been one of awe and respect going back to the days of James Dean. Ryan Rice
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Computer Hacking Before I delve into the reasons for their actions, I would like to highlight some of the key events in the hacking history. In the 1970’s, John Draper, one of the pioneers in this field, made a long-distance call for free by blowing a precise tone into a telephone that tells the phone system to open a line. Draper discovered the whistle as a give- away in a box of children's cereal. Draper, who later earns the handle "Captain Crunch," is arrested repeatedly for phone tampering throughout the 1970s. The phone hacking concept was coined “phreaking”, producing the first subculture of slang and terms. Next, two members of the Homebrew Computer Club began making "blue boxes," devices used to hack into the phone system. The members, who adopt handles "Berkeley Blue" (Steve Jobs) and "Oak Toebark" (Steve Wozniak), later go on to found Apple Computer. In one of the first arrests of hackers, the FBI busts the Milwaukee-based 414s (named after the local area code) after members are accused of 60 computer break-ins ranging from Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center to Los Alamos National Laboratory. With the stark realization of the severity of this problem,
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compfor paper - Computer Hacking Computer hacking is a...

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