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Unformatted text preview: Intro to Music – Exam #2 Notes Baroque (1600-1750) (Approximate dates) o Continuation and Reaction:- Music history is all about continuation and reaction- Music can not function without reaction o Changes in Music: 1) Prima Practica (You hear this in the Renaissance Period) a. Music prime: the concept that there are rules to composing music b. No ill prepared dissonances (there are still soft ones though) 2) Secundo Practica (Started the Baroque Period) a. Emotional Expression is the most paramount thing in the secunda practica b. Text prime: because it was so expressive, the text dictates the way the music is written c. Striking dissonance used for dramatic effect d. Basso Continuum: the addition of a cordal instrument and a low bass instrument (1602-1 st example of basso continuum) o Pendulum Theory: Intellectual Discovery Emotional Expression (Rennaisance) (Baroque) o Other Changes: a. The system of major/minor is finalized b. There is a new sense of freedom for the composer c. A stronger sense of rhythm and meter d. Emphasis on the bass part- Ground Bass - Basso Ostinato (these are both terms which mean a repeated segment in the bass line)- Variation Form: one unchanging element in the music (ground bass is an example) o Functional Harmony a. The idea that certain chords should follow one another o Invention of Opera: a. 1600 – Approximate b. Came from Italy c. The appeal of opera was the emotional expression d. Aria: “song”- portion of the opera which is sung (songlike) e. Recitative: the need to propel the plot forward; no repetition of text; there is a week or no melody at all; designed to emulate speech rhythms Late Baroque Period (1700-1750; Early Baroque 1600-1700) 1. Different Ages: o Age of Absolutism (absolute power/royalty) o Age of Science (Newton, etc) o Pomp & Extravagance (royalty) vs. System & Calculation o Royalty: Louis XIV of France – led music by personal patronage and indirectly, through inspiring and setting a trend (people wanted to be like him) Royalty was the major player. 2. Opera: o Staged drama primarily sung o Baroque opera was dominated by plots that celebrated their patrons o The use of music in opera dates back to the ancient Greek tragedies 3. Scientific Aspects o Scales were tuned/tempered (to celebrate this, Bach composed “The Well Tempered Clavier” o Harmony was systemized (so chords followed one another in a logical and functional way) o Regularity became the ideal in rhythm o Musical form began to have more set forms 4. Affections o The belief that human emotions were pretty simplistic ?The belief that human emotions were pretty simplistic ?...
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