History319studyguide

History319studyguide - History 319 Exam1 1. You were a...

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History 319 Exam1 1. You were a colonist in 1765. You just received word that Parliament has enacted a Stamp Act. Do you favor or oppose it? Why? The Stamp Act of March 1765 was instituted to help defray the costs of maintaining British troops in the American colonies by issuing tax stamps for a wide range of public documents including: customs documents, newspapers, legal papers, and licenses. While Parliament felt that the American colonies should pay their fair portion of the war debt, the colonists responded with outrage and indignation. The Stamp Act was yet another example of Parliament trampling on the colonial legislature's right to tax their own people. Actions and attitudes of colonists regarding perceived British monetary atrocities against their well being formed the foundation for the rallying cry of American patriots across the land namely, "no taxation without representation." The American colonists had no physical representation or voice in London Parliament. With actual American representation in Parliament, there would be no need for seeking independence. 2. Discuss the rationale by which the right honorable members of Parliament levied taxes on those troublesome and ungrateful North American colonists? Because the colonist were treating and killing the merchants and those who worked for Parliament. Some of them were tarred and feathered. Also the colonists refused to pay the taxes by attacking the import of ships in Boston. They destroyed the tea and refused to pay England. In general they were virtually represented, the cost of the war was higher than expected, the constitutional power that Britain had on all the colonies, and the Declaratory Act. 3. What arguments did John Dickinson set forth to oppose Townshend and others who insisted that they had a perfect right to tax the colonist? John Dickinson knocked the idea of virtual representation and the colonies had legislatures in their represented colonies who were representing them. The Townshend Act presented an even greater thereat to their freedom than that of the direct/indirct taxes, and the collect of money for revenue. 4. What were the Coercive Acts? How did they punish the residents of the colony of Massachusetts Bay? The Boston Port Act, 31 March 1774. Boston harbor was closed to all shipping except for coasters carrying necessary fuel and supplies, until The Massachusetts Bay Regulating Act 20 May 1774. Senate councilors were appointed Judges and sheriffs had no legislative consent
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there were to be no Town Meetings without royal assent there was to be no election of juries by the freeholders The Administration of Justice Act 20 May 1774 This empowered the Governor of Massachusetts to remove trials to another colony or to Britain if he felt that the juries in Massachusetts would be partial. The Act applied largely to Crown officials and troops carrying out their orders. Any capitol trial be tried in Great Britain
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History319studyguide - History 319 Exam1 1. You were a...

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