exam outline 10-11

exam outline 10-11 - Kane Kanagawa History Outline Chapter...

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Kane Kanagawa History Outline Chapter 11 A Time of Troubles: Black Death and Social Crisis o Increase in population around 1300 Migrations into urban areas Increase of poor o Serious food shortages between 1315 and 1317, resulting in hunger and starvation o Black plague reaches Europe in October 1347 European population declines by 25 to 50 percent between 1347 and 1351 Threat of the plague makes people appreciate their lives and live for the moment Giovanni Boccaccio wrote in the Decameron about the excessive drinking and partying that occurred in this time Flagellants publicly whipped themselves to win forgiveness from God Jews accused of causing the plague Anti-Semitic massacres in Spain were called pogroms o Economic and social problems Serious labor shortage causes rise in the price of labor, but decline in population depresses demand for agricultural produce, causing falling prices Statute of Laborers in 1351 limits wages to pre-plague levels and forbids mobility of peasants Position of landlords begins to deteriorate, peasants’ improves Weakens system of manorialism New governmental taxes leads to peasant revolts 1358 revolt in France known as the Jacquerie o Peasants anger caused by their land being exploited by mercenaries and class tension o Aristocrats felt threatened by higher wages and lower prices English Peasants’ Revolt of 1381 o Condition of English peasants improved with higher wages and lower rents o Aristocrats fight back and try to reinstate feudal ways o Monarchy tries to enforce tax; peasants refuse to pay o Peasants destroy and pillage, murder archbishop of Canterbury Revolts occur in cities
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o Oversupply of goods leads to decline in trade o Ciompi (wool workers) revolt in Florence War and Political Instability o Causes of the Hundred Years’ War Edward III, king of England, refuses to do homage to Philip VI, the “so-called king of France” o Conduct French rely on noble cavalry, English include peasants as paid foot soldiers English use the longbow, with more rapid speed than the crossbow o Events In the Battle of Crecy, the larger French army attacked in a disorderly fashion and were stunned by the tactical English troops Edward, prince of Wales and son of Edward III carefully picked his battles and successfully ravaged French land Leads to profits for English and hunger for French Black Prince captures French king John II in Battle of Poitiers, ending first phase of HYW Under Peace of Bretigy, French agree to pay ransom for King John, English territories in Gascony are enlarged, and Edward gives up claims to French throne in return for control over English lands in France In second phase, French recover what they lost under Charles V, son of John In 1415, English King Henry V attacks France, which was already undergoing a civil war under the weak king Charles VI French suffer terrible defeat at Battle of Agincourt
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course HIST 101 taught by Professor Smith during the Fall '07 term at BC.

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exam outline 10-11 - Kane Kanagawa History Outline Chapter...

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