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psychfinalnotes - Psychology Final Exam Study Guide I....

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Psychology Final Exam Study Guide I. Abnormal Psychology 1. The medical Model of Cognitive Behavior: Proposes that it is normal to think of abnormal behavior as disease. A. Thomas Szaz (1974-1990) asserted that “strictly speaking, or illness can affect only the body; hence there can be no mental illness.” He further argues that abnormal behavior usually involves a deviation from social norms rather than an illness. He contends that such deviations are “problems in living” rather than medical problems. 2. Criteria of Abnormal Behavior A. Deviance: People are often said to have this disorder because their behavior deviates from what their society considers acceptable. B. Maladaptive Behavior: Substance use disorders. When a drug begins to interfere with a persons social or occupational functioning, a substance use disorder exists. C. Personal disorders: Great personal stress including depression or anxiety disorders. 1a. Outside of the norm 2a. Interferes with functioning 3a. Causes physical danger to anyone &/or patients personal distress. 3. Prognosis versus Diagnosis A. Prognosis: A forecast about the probable course of an illness. B. Diagnosis: Involves distinguishing one illness from another. 4. DSM-IV and axes A. DSM-IV: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. 1a. This classification Scheme has been updated four times. The third edition had
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been slightly revised in 2000, made use of intervening research to refine the criteria introduced in DSM-III. Each revision of the DSM system has expanded the list of disorders covered. The current version describes about three times as many types of psychological disorders as DSM-I. B. Axes 1a. Axes are a new multiaxial system of classification, which asks for judgments about individuals on five separate dimensions. - Clinical Syndromes - Personality Disorders of Mental Retardation - General Medical conditions - Psychosocial and Environmental Problems - Axis V 2a. A DSM Multiaxial evaluation ( Psychodiagnosis) -I Clinical syndromes -II Personality disorders -III Medical conditions -IV Psychosocial problems -V Global assessment of functioning 5. Anxiety Disorders- Are a class of disorders marked by feelings of excessive apprehension and anxiety. A. Generalized Anxiety Disorder: Marked by a chronic, high level of anxiety and is not tied to any specific threat. B. Phobic Disorders: Marked be a persistent and irrational fear of an object or situation that presents no realistic danger. C. Panic Disorder: Characterized by recurrent attacks of overwhelming anxiety that usually occur suddenly and expectedly. D. Agoraphobia: Fear of going out into public places.
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E. Obsessive- Compulsive Disorder: (OCD) Marked by persistent, uncontrollable intrusions of unwanted thoughts (obsessions) and urges to engage in senseless rituals (compulsions). F. Posttraumatic stress disorder: (PTSD) involves
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course PGS 101 taught by Professor Blan during the Spring '08 term at ASU.

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psychfinalnotes - Psychology Final Exam Study Guide I....

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