heyman study guide

heyman study guide - Lecture 2 Experimental science...

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Lecture 2 Experimental science underway by 1600, experimental psychological science didn’t emerge until the 19 th century o Obstacles: mind/body split can’t study mind if its not a mass Darwin and natural selection o Variation: differences based on heredity o Selection: nature favors some organisms and not others (competition, etc.) o The more successful heritable traits supplant less successful heritable traits retention o Human and non-human psychology overlap Influence of heredity on humans o Gene expression is subject to external forces (environment, exercise, neglect) and can lead to different organisms (through different proteins) o Learning, consciousness limit role of biology o Facial expressions Instinctual – blind/sighted children; different cultures Masking facial expressions – blind children Cole Blind children are developing expressive control rules and awareness Blind children had a greater tendency to utter neutral verbalization verbal control of emotional expression Lecture 3 Gene expression determines fate of DNA but environment has influence Darwin – facial expressions are instinctual (blind children, different cultures) Emotional/facial expression not fixed (masking) Neural control centers exist for voluntary and involuntary expressions Involuntary – how we can detect liars o Ekman and O’Sullivan experiment involving nurses watching graphic videos As we age, we escape innate emotional/facial expression Alcoholism o Genetic? Adopted children show traits more similar to bio father than household o How genes could affect Tolerance, reward effect Personality differences that affect likelihood (impulsivity) Personality differences that affect desirability (depression) DNA codes the enzymes that break down alcohol Buss Men’s jealousy triggered by cues to sexual infidelity
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Women’s jealousy triggered by cues to long-term diversion of commitment (emotional interest in another woman) Women worries about investment in offspring, men about paternal certainty “Double-shot hypothesis” – sex differences not due to evolved psychological differences, but rather to the different beliefs of the conditional probabilities of sexual and emotional infidelity o Flawed? Men more apt to have casual sex than women – evolutionary process Evolutionary process explains why men have more of a tendency to divorce after sexual infidelity than women Harris Differences in opinions emerge not from an evolutionary process but rather from the implications of each type of fidelity o Men believe that women cannot have sex without being in love, but can be
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course PSYCHOLOGY 111 taught by Professor Heyman during the Spring '08 term at BC.

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heyman study guide - Lecture 2 Experimental science...

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