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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 6 Darwin: individuals who dont adapt ma not survive to reproduce Learning: the adaptive process through which experience modifies pre-existing behavior and understanding Classical conditioning, operant conditioning learning that involve associations between events Nonassociative learning o Habituation form of learning in which our response to unchanging stimuli decreases overtime (ex: eventually fail to notice that youre wearing a watch); occurs in all animals Opponent process theory new stimulus events trigger a counteracting process that restores equilibrium; if the stimulus is repeated, the process gets stronger and can suppress the initial response to the stimuli habituation accidental drug overdose? o Dishabituation reappearance of original response when stimulus changes (ex: loudly ticking clock stops and starts again) o Sensitization increase in responsiveness to a stimulus; when people show exaggerated responses to unexpected sounds/sights (ex: screaming at a small sound in a dark house) Associative learning o Classical conditioning neutral stimulus paired with stimulus that causes reflex Pavlovs experiment...
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