Lecture 9 notes - Jaina, Veracruz, El Tajin - Jaina Island...

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Jaina Island Acropolis for Mayan elites from Puuc Many graves from the late and the terminal classic Jai means water and nah means house, so water house Most graves were looted 1000 were excavated most contain ceramic figurines which were placed on hands or chest of deceased o finest Mesoamerican ceramics o more classic proportions o realistic, much skill o ethnographic details – dress, costumes, warfare accoutrements o most are hollow and function as whistles, others have pellets in them to be used as rattles o they are called Jaina figurines but seem to come from other regions – boosts their value Figurine of Warrior, Jaina Island, Ad 600-800, ceramic pigment feathered headdress two circles for rank the skull mask at his feet fits onto his face no connection between the figurines and the deceased – no visible pattern Figurine of Woman, Jaina Island, Ad 600-800, ceramic pigment oversized jade necklace – not the real size of these necklaces seated wearing a mantle making tamales or tortillas – still made a lot today pot of mesa sitting in front of her small do seated next to her – Chihuahua like – usually they are food but here a companion lines running out of her mouth – coming of age scars
Figurine of Woman, Jaina Island, late classic, ceramic, pigment mold made figures of woman holding her hands up in the air these become almost exclusive may represent Ix Chel a goddess o chocolate, medicine, sweat bath and midwifery associations o usually an old woman when Spaniards arrived there were shrines of Ix Chel everywhere – women made pilgrimages there for fertility Acropolis, Bonampak, Late Classic, Maya in the region of Chiapas there is a structure with three rooms covered in mural paintings calcium leaked into the room and protected the paintings remarkable cycle of Mayan painting the outside was red there were texts on the moldings Room 1, Structure 1, Bonampak, AD 791, pigment on stucco procession of musicians with maracas at the bottom angles in because of the vault details of daily life are on these murals from rituals to warfare and sacrifice the narrative starts in this room texts run across the panel across three walls the building was dedicated in AD 791 the red bans are framing devices the king you find on ceramics and codices
Room 1, Structure 1, Bonampak, Maya, AD 791, pigment on stucco a lord being prepared for a ceremony musicians are on his left people on the right are all wearing similar but very odd costumes there is more motion in these murals than in other Mayan murals after this the lord is in a painting dancing with other lords Chan Muwan Dressing, Room 1, Structure 1, Bonampak, AD 791, pigment on stucco a Mayan lord getting dressed for a ceremony the green mass around his head is a massive feathered headdress there is man repairing a jade bracelet on the left,

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