CRIM 3200 Test 2 Luckey

CRIM 3200 Test 2 Luckey - CRIM 3200 LUCKEY TEST 2 We...

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CRIM 3200 LUCKEY TEST 2 February 12, 2008 We reviewed the test CHAPTER 4: JAILS AND DETENTION FACILITIES There are a lot more women coming into the prison system. This is due in part to the harsher drug laws that have an effect on women. Jails were largely used as holding cells. Inmates would sit in jail awaiting their execution or their trial. A JAIL a facility that is under the control of the city or county government. A PRISON is under the control of the state or the federal government A jail houses a diverse population of pretrial detainees. Jails also house those convicted of misdemeanors serving short sentences and convicted felons awaiting transportation to a prison. Juveniles may also be there waiting to be transported to a juvenile detention center. Jails are not prisons; prisons are not jails. Prisoners may spend a little time in jail, but only while they are waiting to be taken to prison. The locations of jails are located in business district adjacent to county courthouses, while prisons are located in remote locations. Jails house both men and women, while prisons house either men or women. The county sheriff administers jails while the state corrections department or the U.S. Bureau of Prisons operates prisons. Administration of the jail is not the sheriff’s top priority, therefore, the conditions of the jail often suffers. There are many more jails than prisons. February 14, 2008 Jails and Women 1
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Female inmates are more likely to test positive for HIV. Most female inmates are held in mixed-population jails. There are five different groups of employees: o NEWLY HIRED OFFICERS are often assigned to work in a jail while they are awaiting their assignment. o Often, deputies will REQUEST jail duty o Deputies who are on LIMITED DUTY (injured officers) often are placed in the jail as guards. o Deputies who are being DISCIPLINED are placed in the jail as guards. Most guards are very unhappy with their position. There are only two job tracks for deputies: (1) jails and (2) the streets. Jail detention officers are often paid less than patrol officers (officers in the streets). Law enforcement officers in the field receive 10-20 weeks of training whereas jail officers only receive 2-4 weeks. Jail employees should receive better pay and training. Jail inmates live at society’s margin even when they are not incarcerated. When inmates come to jail, they bring life’s problems. They have special needs: o Infectious diseases (especially HIV and AIDS) o 1/2 to 2/3 of inmates are alcohol and drug abusers. o 1 of 3 was homeless before being jailed. o Almost 1 in 6 is mentally ill Jail are run and funded by city council, a county commissioner or a county board of supervisors. Jails must compete with other local things for funding, for example, schools,
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course CRIM 3200 taught by Professor Luckey during the Spring '08 term at Auburn University.

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CRIM 3200 Test 2 Luckey - CRIM 3200 LUCKEY TEST 2 We...

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