Roman Midterm Study Sheet

Roman Midterm Study Sheet - Roman Midterm Study Sheet...

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Roman Midterm Study Sheet Traditional dates for the foundation of Rome o April 21 st 753 BC. Founding of the monarchy Romulus o Aeneas’s son was Ascanius. His sons were Romulus and Remus. They left Alba Longa to found Rome. Main divisions of Roman History o 753-509 B.C. Monarchy o 509-227 B.C. Republic o 227B.C-476A.D. – Empire SPQR o Senatus Populusque Romanus o Senate and the Roman People. Major Magistracies of the Roman Republic o Consulship Top position 2 12 Lictors Elected in the centuriate Year in Rome is named after the counsels. Chief officers of the senate Commander in Chief o Praetorship 6 Have 6 lictors Elected by centuriate.
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Can command armies and make edicts. o Quaestorship 10. No imperium. In charge of all finances. Elected by tribal assembly. o Aedileship 4 2 elected by plebians and 2 by consul. In charge of law and order in Rome. Have imperium 2 lictors Higher than Quaestors. Automatically become senators. o Dictatorship Office of the Roman Republic. Appointed of 2 consuls. Lasts 6 months. Roman constitution suspended while there is a dictator. Appoints a deputy. Master of the horse. o Looks over Rome when the dictator is gone. 24 lictors. o Censorship 2 censors. Elected every 5 years. Oldest and most senior men in the Senate. Arrange census, taxes, etc.
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18 month term. Can remove people from the Senate. o Tribune of the People Authorities and Magistrates of the Plebeian consul. Invaluable, hold lots of power. Power of Veto. Originally not members of Senate. Three assemblies. o Centuriate. All adult male Roman citizens. 193 Centuries o Tribal. All adult male Roman citizens. 35 Tribes. o Plebeian Council. All adult males except patricians. (political revo). Social Structure o Patrician Old aristocracy of Rome o Plebeians Rest of Rome Many became powerful and wealthy. 451 Plebeians made the official code of law. Ability to stand for the most important office. Right to form their own Plebeian consul. Right to make their own laws. Senatorial and Equestrian orders of classes.
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o Senate On Top. Patrician senators. o Equestrians Business community Run Rome. Supply army, building ships, bankers, tax collectors, traders. Roman Revolution and its Causes o Land crisis of 2 nd Century Land all goes to the rich while the poor are forced to move to the cities. Not enough land to go around Slaves run the land Fewer people in the Roman army o Marian army reforms Got rid of property qualifications for the army. Developed the concept of a professional army.
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course ARLT 100g taught by Professor 02:00-03:20pm during the Fall '07 term at USC.

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Roman Midterm Study Sheet - Roman Midterm Study Sheet...

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