Greeks and the West Notes

Greeks and the West Notes - Greeks and The West Sept 4...

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Greeks and The West Sept. 4 Military factor is absent from the Knossos palace. (in frescos) Central courtyard was adjacent to a sacred hill on its side. o Goddess seemed to be worshipped along stone pillar or column. o Palace wanted to evoke feelings and sacredness for visitors. Palace is a sort of man-made cave and mountain on the inside. Knossos city dates to around 1500 B.C. o Was rebuilt over an earlier palace that went up around 2000 B.C. o Palace age is often split into two categories. Bull shows up frequently in Minoan images as a sign of male power, force. Labyrinth myth is from the perspective of the Athenians who were forced to submit to the Minoans. Perhaps it is an extended metaphor for the relationship between Athens and Crete. Throne room is much reconstructed by Evans, but the throne is original as well as the benches beside it. Was Knossos a palace or a temple? Impossible to distinguish in Minoan civ. Between the two? Minoans were not assuming, mysterious, industrious, there is no record of any single person but rather as the collective group. Minoans probably practiced human sacrifice from time to time. o Cave of the winds was a rectangular temple. Destroyed 1700 B.C. by earthquake. Found it was a place where offerings were brought. Agricultural products. Skeletons at center of structure, o One male 40-50. Wearing jewelry which indicates he was a person of high status. o Female found as well. High status. o Young male was with them. Hands bound behind him and thigh- bone broken. Knife found among bones, which resembles sacrifice. Broken vertebrae in the spine of the boy.
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o Perhaps related to the earthquakes that were occurring, o Children’s bones were found with scrape marks on them. Flesh was scraped off the bones. Not clear whether these children were killed, cooked and consumed, or whether they had died and in a ceremony after death the bones were cleaned of decaying flesh and purified. Thera (island north of Crete) where an extraordinary seismic event took place. o 1630 B.C. a volcano on this island exploded and the entire island went up, creating mass destruction in all areas. o Caused a tsunami that impacted N Crete. Destroyed Thera. By 1400 all other palaces on Crete save Knossos were destroyed by humans. (Whoever is ruling at Knossos is knocking out other competition). Knossos was then destroyed and never regained the power it once had. o Last people who controlled Knossos may have been outsiders, not Minoans. (Greeks). In 1870’s Heinrich Schleman began to excavate Mycenae. o Convinced that a people here had a magnificent empire. o As soon as he began excavating he found something. o
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Greeks and the West Notes - Greeks and The West Sept 4...

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