ClassNotesBus215 - Chapter 1 Civil Law vs Criminal Law...

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Chapter 1 01-30-08 Civil Law vs Criminal Law Civil o People, People’s relationships, and society. o Disputes between people/individuals/people vs. government/etc. o Things like getting sued or fined. o Guilty/liability Preponderance of the evidence 51% of the burden of proof exists, that side will probably win,  based on the jury. o 1. Contract/tort Contract If you’re injured, you can get money damages. Tort o 2. Equity When money damages can’t help you. Equitable Relief When a company/person/etc. is forced to stop  doing something. Specific Performance A situation where a person enters into a contract,  and the other person decides not to go through  with it. You can ask a judge to order specific  performance, specifically going through with the  agreement.
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Criminal o Breaking laws. Sentences reflect society’s views. Jail time. o Guilty Beyond a reasonable doubt. Way more than 50% of the burden  of proof exists. Subsidive Law I.e. You can’t drive too close behind someone. Fire codes. Laws that define  what you can and can’t do. Procedural Law The procedure of going to courts, asserting your rights, defending yourself,  etc. Procedural technicality can get people out of things. Starry Decisus  (Precedent/Legal Precedent) Basing decisions on past decisions. Ruling the same way another case has been rules in the past/years ago. Activist judges abandon starry decisus, and instead rule in what  they  believe  is fair or right; they may not be right, and the supreme court will judge that if  necessary. If the Supreme Judge rules in favor, there is a new starry decisus. Sources of Law The law of the land is the US Constitution. All else (federal, state, ordinances,  etc.) can be appealed and end up in the Supreme Court, but then that’s it.  Regulatory law. Common Law Case law Statutory Law
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Written. Starting to squeeze out common law. Court System Supreme Court (top) o Where all cases ends. (State Supreme Court, then if they can show if  the topic involved had to do with the Constitution it can go to the US  Supreme Court). Court Of Appeals; Appellate Court o Takes no testimony, sees no witnesses, jury looks at the case  laboratorially from a word for word transcript to decide if the ruling was  fair or unfair. If it still isn’t acceptable, they can take it to the supreme  court. Trial Court
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course BUS 215 taught by Professor Mcquiddy during the Spring '08 term at Chapman University .

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ClassNotesBus215 - Chapter 1 Civil Law vs Criminal Law...

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