CU_2 - 1 Introduction Purpose Background Information The...

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1 Introduction: Purpose Background Information : The beginning of the Romantic Period coincides with major changes in the lives of many people in Europe (beginning around 1825). The music of Romantic composers reached more people than had ever been accomplished previously. A middle class developed which made up this larger audience. The previous aristocratic class hired a composer to work at their court and his music was mostly heard at the court. Also, the court composers were limited in what they wrote by the musicians available and the preferences of the aristocrats paying them. The Romantic composers had more freedom in what they could produce. The composers of the Romantic period traveled and played concerts for a broader market. One of the reasons concerts were performed in new areas was improvement in ways to travel to these new areas. Romantic music was meant to express feelings and convey deeper meanings. The composers wanted to be free from the limitations of conventional forms and harmonic rules. Program music, music that is descriptive, became very popular. Romantic music expressed personal feelings and sentimentality. Other subjects were nature, magic, fairy tales and the supernatural. Operas also grew in popularity; Paris became the opera capital. Improvements were made in pianos and great piano pieces were written ( ) The Romantic era was a period of great change and emancipation. While the Classical era had strict laws of balance and restraint, the Romantic era moved away from that by allowing artistic freedom, experimentation, and creativity. The music of this time period
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2 was very expressive, and melody became the dominant feature. Composers even used this expressive means to display nationalism. This became a driving force in the late Romantic period, as composers used elements of folk music to express their cultural identity ( ) Composers used music as a tool for highlighting national identity Instrumental composers made reference to folk music and national images, while operatic composers set stories with strong patriotic undercurrents Composers took an interest in the music of various ethnic groups and incorporated it into their own music Composers also wrote works based on stories of exotic lands and people The main areas of nationalistic music during the nineteenth century were Germany, Italy, France, Central Europe and Russia Education Debt (ED) is not giving enough funds and resources to schools with lower income We think that it is not fair for some urban schools to receive less resources according to income they receive All students should have the same advantage when it comes to resources “Teachers began acting more as guides and coaches rather than lecturers. Even these small steps had dramatic effects as motivated students set goals” (Moses, 117) - This quote demonstrates the importance of just not being a
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CU_2 - 1 Introduction Purpose Background Information The...

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