Class 4 Notes - opium and tobacco= medac form incredibly...

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opium and tobacco= medac formincredibly popular in Southern China. Still being importedQing authorities started to take note of thisMedac was prohibited. Opium was still importable as medicine.1796- comprehensive ban1729 - 1796 brought by Portugese, dutch, England/1780s serious economic crisis, problem for British,British Found Opium good for trade. so monopoly in India.till 1796, traded for tea but in 1796, changes the trade as Qing bans all opium->ultimately developed insidious system.BEIC discovered opium was miracle good, Hong merchants won’t say no toopium was accepted right away. but not problem.so it has to be smuggled into Qing empire. but problem- if BEIC was found to beinvolved in illegal, then tea trade was at risk. If found, consequences will be bannedforever for lucrative tea trade.BEIC has government monopoly that only England to India and India to Englandalso addition to, EAST ASIA. ONLY BEIC can carry goods from England to Chinahow about China and India? GAP. This gap was the solution.They did not want to directly ship opium on their ship. Answer was simple. Independentship operators- Country traders. Many of these were England ships but private. BEIChas 0 control. in Calcutta. Loaded with silvers, BEIC ship goes to Canton and buys tea.So much money was flowing getting into Canton, so Hong merchants and governmentmerchants were getting so rich and didn’t care.Country traders. Plausible deniability- it is our opium but it is not our control. End oflegal responsibility. Of course, nobody believes this.French understood. Cartoon. Qing understood as well. But they were earning profits aswell. This is why it lasted so long.How did it get in if it was illegal? Pearl Harbor Delta/ they would stop close to PearlHarbor Mountain. LITIN ISLAND! Fast crab boat. Very very fast. driven by ore. woulddisappear into network of water ways. basically 1796, no British risked their life on streetwith Opium. Opium trade was huge. Hongkong was major smuggle place. Qingauthority couldn’t do anything about this huge network (they didn’t want to anyways)Concentrated in the south, but opium starts to get into centre, and north. Even theemperor.Who uses?Traditionally, lower classes. cheap opium. priced decreased as BEIC,laborclass- their life sucked and long work and pain and hunger/ opium takes care ofeverything. it covers up/ masks/ the aching muscles etcbut eventually social event thing for merchants and elite. form of social ritual. objet d’art.another rack for opium pot. displayed openly as sign of wealth. social ritual, recreational1830s, officials are starting discern the dark side of opium.not just physical effects, buteconomic effects. people were spending all their money and neglecting their family.selling his children and everything. opium is serious serious problem. and nothingdestroys the army as long peace. no major war for half century. incredibly boringgenerals?- ride black dragon, use opium. Banner garrisons, and these battle man were

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Term
Summer
Professor
Dr.Green
Tags
Opium Wars, First Opium War

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