test 2 - Hallmarks of civilization writing and record...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Hallmarks of civilization – writing and record keeping, urban population, monumental architecture, existence of formal bureaucracy, surplus of food and labor specialization, and social stratification K'inich Yax K'uk' Mo dynasty (movie) Temples of Copan (movie) – lefitimization of kings’ power and reinforce kings’ links to the founding ruler through visual propaganda Tribe - a social division within a traditional society consisting of a group of interlinked families or communities sharing a common culture and dialect. Record keeping systems – cuneiform, hieroglyphics Evolution of civilization hypotheses Narmer Palette - The Narmer Palette, also known as the Great Hierakonpolis Palette or the Palette of Narmer, is a significant Egyptian archeological find, dating from about the 31st century BC , containing some of the earliest hieroglyphic inscriptions ever found. It is thought by some to depict the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt under the pharaoh Narmer Olmec - The Olmec were an ancient Pre-Columbian people living in the tropical lowlands of south-central Mexico , roughly in what are the modern-day states of Veracruz and Tabasco on the Isthmus of Tehuantepec . Their immediate cultural influence, however, extends beyond this region (Olmec artwork has been documented as far as El Salvador ). The Olmec flourished during the Formative (or Preclassic ) era, dating from 1200 BCE to about 400 BCE, and are believed to have been the progenitor civilization of later Mesoamerican civilizations. [ Minoan - The Minoan civilization was a bronze age civilization which arose on Crete , an island in the Aegean Sea . The Minoan culture flourished from approximately 2700 to 1450 BC ; afterwards, Mycenaean Greek culture became dominant on Crete. The term "Minoan" was coined by the British archaeologist Sir Arthur Evans after the mythic King Minos . [1] Minos was associated in myth with the labyrinth , which Evans identified as the site at Knossos . Minoan palaces are the best known building types to have been excavated on the island. They are monumental buildings serving administrative purposes as evidenced by the large archives unearthed by archaeologists . Each of the palaces excavated to date have their own unique
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
features, but they also share features which set them apart from other structures. The palaces were often multi-storied with interior and exterior staircases , light wells, massive columns , storage magazines and courtyards. Repousse - Repoussé ( IPA : [ ʀə puse] listen ( help · info )) or repoussage IPA : [ ʀə pusa ʒ ] listen ( help · info ) is a metalworking technique in which a malleable metal is ornamented or shaped by hammering from the reverse side. Environmental determinism - Environmental determinism, also known as
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course HIST 245 taught by Professor Holden during the Fall '08 term at Purdue University-West Lafayette.

Page1 / 6

test 2 - Hallmarks of civilization writing and record...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online