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Unformatted text preview: Psychology 1 Introduction to Psychology Winter Quarter, 2008 Reading Guide for Chapters 6 and 7 pp. 200-283 Week 4 This sheet is fairly comprehensive, but you should always refer back to the official fair game sheet posted online. This section is one of the most important to make your own examples! In doing so, dont just use the ones from the book, think of your own. 1. Chapter 6 Learning a. Pavlov and Classical Conditioning i. Ivan Pavlov 1. role 2. unconditioned reflex a. in your own words There are certain connections that we know from repeated experiences. b. example When my mom yells my name aggressively (stimuli), I respond by running over thinking that I am in trouble (response). Mom yells my name I think I am in trouble. 3. classical conditioning a. in your own words You start with two things that are already connected with each other (food and salivation). Then you add a third thing (bell) for several trials. Eventually, this third thing may become so strongly associated that it has the power to produce the old behavior. b. example Mom yells my name aggressively and right afterwards she walks into her bedroom. After many times of her doing this, I begin to think that every time she walks into her bedroom I am in trouble. Mom yells my name and walks in her room I think I am in trouble. 4. unconditioned stimulus (UCS) a. in your own words a stimulus that produces the same response every time it happens. b. example My mom yelling my name. 5. unconditioned response (UCR) a. in your own words the response to the unconditioned stimulus. b. example Thinking I am in trouble. 6. conditioned stimulus (CS) a. in your own words Your response to the new stimulus depends on the unconditioned stimulus. b. example My mom yells at me and then walks into my room, and I think I am in trouble. 7. conditioned response (CR) a. in your own words Your response to the conditioned stimulus. b. example I respond to my mom walking in by room by thinking I am in trouble. 8. acquisition a. in your own words A conditioned stimulus is presented and then the unconditioned stimulus is presented, and you then get a conditioned response. b. example My mom walks into my room. I respond by wondering why she is in there, but I do not think I am in trouble. But, once my mom yells my name and then walks into my room, I soon am conditioned to think that every time she walks into my room, it is because I am in trouble. Thai Chu 2008 Psychology 1 Introduction to Psychology Winter Quarter, 2008 9. extinction a. in your own words You repeatedly present the conditioned stimulus, but never the unconditioned stimulus....
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- Winter '08