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Ethnomethodology The most micro of the micro theories in sociology --focuses on how we actually go about constructing and maintaining the comfortable, normal, sensible social world --studies the “machinery” of “sense making” Was founded by Harold Garfinkel in the early 1960’s at UCLA Two main influences: 1) phenomenology--Edmund Husserl wanted to know how objects, people, places, etc. appear to us in human consciousness --Husserl argued that we had to “bracket” or set aside “the taken-for-granted world” in order to understand phenomena --but, a student of Husserl’s, Alfred Schutz, felt that trying to set aside the taken-for-granted world was missing the point --Schutz argued instead that sociologists should make the taken-for-granted world the object of study --must understand the things people do produce and sustain the TFGW(taken for granted world) Schutz further argued that social reality isn’t objective. But, he also said it wasn’t subjective either. What’s left??? 2) hermeneutics(the study of interpretation) --hermeneutic circle(interpretation—understanding ) social reality seems like a concrete wall but it’s actually a fish net. And we are constantly trying to fill in the holes to make it seem concrete So, Garfinkel set out to find our processes of “sense making” Called these processes invariant procedures1) reciprocity of perspectives: assume that if we could all change places with each other everything we are experience would be exactly the same.