honors analytic paper 4 Weber

honors analytic paper 4 Weber - Honors Analytic Paper#4 Max...

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Honors Analytic Paper #4 Max Weber was a sociologist that emphasized the individual and also identified two types of thoughts that played a role in his future theories. The rational thought, Weber says was conscious, calculated and goal-oriented thinking. This type of thought asks what is the most effective. On the other hand, irrational thought is intuitive, traditional and emotional thinking. Irrational, unlike rational thought, asks what feels best. Rational thought and rational societies have become more common, as Weber proposes. In rational societies, relationships are shorter term and more impersonal and people are evaluated according to the goals of the organization they work in. A clear example of a rational society where a bureaucracy existed was in the movie we watched in class, Office Space. In the movie, there is clearly a business that is very impersonal and it dehumanizes the workers, ultimately trapping them into what Weber called the “Iron Cage”. Bureaucracy is a rational and goal-driven form of organization with a clear structured hierarchy and impersonal relationships. In the film, Office Space, the main character, Peter is fed up with his life at work. He works in a cubicle with several bosses and crazy rules that he has to follow. He is also constantly demanded to stay and work on the weekends. The question does not arise if Peter can work on the weekends, he is told what to do and he is supposed to do what he is told. This exemplifies Weber’s point in his essay, “Bureaucracy,” that as bureaucracy develops more perfectly, “the more ‘dehumanized,’ the more completely it succeeds in eliminating from official business love, hatred, and all purely personal, irrational and emotional elements” (Weber, 2014: 93). The more complicated and specialized culture becomes, the higher the demand for a personally detached expert, just like the boss in Office Space who clearly was not emotionally attached to his employees. The boss’ relationship to his employees shows the impersonal
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relationships of bureaucracy, where relationships are based on roles with the organization and not with the individual. As the film progresses, Peter proceeds to see a hypnotist to try and cure his negative attitude toward work. While at the hypnotist, he proclaims that every day at work makes his life worse than the day before. For the audience, this shows how horrible bureaucracy is and how it can dehumanize, alienate and ultimately ruin a person’s outlook on life and work. His negative outlook on work reinforces the idea that work exists simply for our instrumental needs and we usually only work because we have to in order to survive. While with the hypnotist, Peter is hypnotized to transform into a relaxed state, and instantly life is changed for him. He is awakened from his misery and sets out to fight back against the bureaucracy he has been suffering in.
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