PSY 102 Final Exam Book Notes

PSY 102 Final Exam Book Notes - PSY 102 Final Exam Book...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
PSY 102 Final Exam Book Notes Need for affiliation: the desire to establish and maintain many rewarding interpersonal relationships (we want the optimum balance of social contact, sometimes we want to be alone, and sometimes we want company) Loneliness: a feeling of deprivation about existing social relations (loneliest are those between the ages of 18 and 30) Proximity Effect: most important social relations still occur among people who find themselves in the same place at the same time Mere Exposure Effect: the phenomenon whereby the more often people are exposed to a stimulus, the more positively they evaluate that stimulus Beauty: people fare better if they are attractive, what is seen as beautiful is universal, people like faces that look like the average face, people like symmetry, standards of beauty change over time What is beautiful is good stereotype: the belief that physically attractive individuals also possess desirable personality characteristics (good people are judged to be smart, successful, happy, well adjusted, socially skilled, confident, and assertive) Matching Hypothesis: the proposition that people are attracted to others who are similar in physical attractiveness Reciprocity: a mutual exchange between what we give and receive (for example, liking those who like us) Hard to Get Effect: the tendency to prefer people who are highly selective in their social choices over those who are more readily available (don't like people who have poor standards) Evolutionary Perspective: men and women both want to reproduce; men want to ensure reproductive-ness by sleeping with many women who are young attractive but worry whether the child is actually theirs, women look for financial stability and commitment because they cannot bear as many children but worry about emotional cheating like falling in love with another woman Intimate Relationships: A close relationship between 2 adults involving emotional attachment, fulfillment of psychological needs, or interdependence Stimulus-Value-Role Theory: stimulus : attraction is sparked by external attributes such as physical appearance, Value: attachment is based on similarity of values and beliefs, Role: commitment is based on the performance of such roles as husband and wife Social Exchange Theory: a perspective that views people as motivated to maximize benefits and minimize costs in their relationships with others (relationships that provide more rewards and fewer costs will be more satisfying and endure longer) Comparison Level: average expected outcome in relationships, a person with high CL expects his or her relationships to be rewarding, someone with low CL does not Comparison Level for alternatives: people's expectations about what they would receive in an alternative situation, if the rewards available elsewhere are believed to be high then a person will be less committed to staying in the present relationship
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Equity Theory: the theory that people are most satisfied with a relationship when the ratio between
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 6

PSY 102 Final Exam Book Notes - PSY 102 Final Exam Book...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online