10 - HIST-4516 12/10/2007 4:12:00 PM Slaves would put on a...

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HIST-4516 10/12/2007 18:12:00 Slaves would put on a “John Canoe” costume with a canoe on the head, and  function as a master of ceremonies. Very much a west Indian tradition, tied to African traditions. Ceremonies usually featured African song and dance. Canoe was symbolic of the slave desire to escape. If you’re a German from the Appalachian South, you have another Christmas  figure: Belsnickle (ing) o Means Furs (bels) and Nicholas (nickel) o Put on costumes, etc. and ride on horseback from cabin to cabin and  house to house. Saint Nicholas Santa Claus “The Night Before Christmas” All are loud, all are demanding, acting out of place. In 1810’s and 20’s, a group of old elites in NYC, people who call themselves  knickerbockers – reference to the original Dutch elite in New York. Trying to create  a traditional image for New York.
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course HIST 4516 taught by Professor Mann during the Fall '07 term at Colorado.

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10 - HIST-4516 12/10/2007 4:12:00 PM Slaves would put on a...

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