philosophy essay 2 - would say the person’s morals would...

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Intro to Philosophy MW Aristotle believes that all things have a purpose and this purpose constitutes their good. He says if we chose to do something because of itself and not because of something else, then this is good. According to Aristotle, humans are not born with virtue or morals. These are learned habits and eventually influence our decisions. If one would ask Aristotle “is it right or wrong for a starving person to steal food?” I expect his response would be that it would be right. To Aristotle, any decision is right if it brings greater happiness because happiness is good. On the other hand we have Kant. He says the moral result of an action does not depend on the result expected. He states that the idea of the law in itself can constitute a pre-eminent good, or moral. Therefore, according to Kant, the idea of good or morals is already in a person and is not awaited from the result. If one asked Kant the question of a starving person stealing food, he would most likely say that it would be wrong. Kant
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Unformatted text preview: would say the person’s morals would tell them not to steal food because it is against the ‘idea of the law’ and this makes it wrong. The next person who we take into consideration is John Stuart Mill. He states that the ultimate sanction of all morality is the conscientious feelings of mankind. From reading his work, I have a feeling that if he was asked the same question as Aristotle and Kant, he would agree with Kant. Mill seems to be on the side with our “conscience” and that, as moral beings, we would know stealing is wrong. The final person in our readings is Nietzsche. Nietzsche says moralities are only a sign language of the emotions. He also says that moral value was first applied to humans, then later to their actions. Therefore, I believe that Nietzsche would say that if you were starving and stole bread, it would be a right decision because you would save your life, but you’d also have to deal with the consequences of breaking the law....
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