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Hematology-Immunology-Quiz.docx - 1. ESR helps to confirm...

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1.ESR helps to confirm andmonitor changes inInflammatory diseasesAutoimmune diseasesCarcinomasCertain forms of leukemia2.HemoglobinResponsible for the transport ofoxygenfrom thelungs to the tissues andcarbon dioxidefrom thetissues to the lungs3.Red Blood Cells(Erythrocytes)Transport oxygen to body cells4.White Blood Cells(Leukocytes)Responsible for immune function5.The granulated leukocytes1.Basophil2.Neutrophil3.Eosinophil6.The agranulatedleukocytes:1.Monocyte2.Lymphocyte7.PlateletsThrombocytesPart of coagulation mechanism8.Centrifugation of non-coagulated bloodTop layer: PlasmaMiddle layer: Buffy coat (WBC's and platelets)Lower layer: Hematocrit or packed red cells9.Hematocrit (HCT)Measures the percentage of packedred cellscompared with the total blood volume.
10.Westergren methodA method used to measure the ESR11.ESR TubecontainsSodium Citrate Solution12.ESR measurement refers totheWestergren method13.Blood Collection Tubesused in HematologyBlue CoagulationLavender for CBCBlack for ESR14.What is the angle toprepare good slide smear30° - 40°15.Good blood smear slideFeathered edgesShould cover about half the length of the slideShould not extend to the edges of the slideShould be uniform in consistency, i.e. withoutholes, scratches or ridges16.Thestaining techniqueforreticulocytes is calledSupravital staining17.Twocommon dyesusedfor supravital stains areNew Methylene Blue andBrilliant Cresyl Blue.18.Differential white bloodcell count – Diff is used toassist indiagnosis and prognosis of disease
19.What type of stain is used for airdried slides?Roma-nowskystains
22.Wright, Giemsaor May-Grunwaldstains are referred to asPolychrome23.In the hemoglobin, heme partconverts byLiver in to bilirubin24.The function of spleen isOld red blood cells are recycled in thespleen, and platelets and white blood cellsare stored there.25.Process of blood clotting is calledCoagulation26.The red blood cells indices (MCV,MCHandMCHC) are used todetermine theSize,cellular hemoglobinandhemoglobinconcentrationof the red blood cellsrespectively.27.MCV28.MCH(Mean Corpuscular Volume)(Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin)(Mean Corpuscular Hemoglobin Concentration)
29.MCHC30.BasophilsReleasehistamine and heparinto damaged tissuesRelease histamine for inflammatory response31.NeutrophilsEngulfsforeign and damaged cells(phagocytosis)Bacteria and Fungi32.EosinophilsDestroy parasites and increase during allergicreactionsParasites and allergic inflammatory response33.MonocytesEngulfs foreign and damaged cells (phagocytosis)34.LymphocytesPlay several different roles in immune responseViral infection35.What is the main reagentused in PT?

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