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Take Home Exam - Brad Miller SOC 304i Exam Type: A Men and...

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Brad Miller SOC 304i Exam Type: A
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Men and women are each sexually dimorphic in their own ways that makes certain divisions of labor between the two sexes more convenient for one sex as opposed to the other. Men and women are dimorphic in their reproductive organs and their breasts. Each sex is also dimorphic in the fact that women have a tendency to have wider pelvises, greater proportions of body fat, and a lower center of gravity. Also, men tend to be taller in size with disproportionately heavier skeletons and muscles along with larger hearts and lungs, greater aerobic capacity, and greater grip strength. Four ways that the text book links sexual dimorphism to the division of labor are the that males aerobic capacity and muscular strength tend to be greater than female’s, the compatibility with infant care, the economy of effect (the skills or materials in task transfer readily to another), and the expendability of men. If incest were common, offspring of incest would not fit into family status and kinship would be confused. Sexual jealousy would occur, the authority needed to socialize children would be lost, and not many would marry outside the family and broader community ties and alliances would fall apart are other examples of what would happen if incest were common. Also, a strong taboo against incest is necessary for proper family functioning and for society’s existence. Incest taboo is defined as forbidding people to have sex on the basis of being kin. The Forcing Alliance Theory has been proposed because of the belief that the incest taboo occurs around the world because it makes a family’s connection greater, or more exclusive. In the book, The Elementary Structures of Kinship, Lévi-Strauss theorizes “Marriage rules over time create social structures, as marriages are primarily forged between groups and not just between the two individuals involved” (Lévi-Strauss, 1947). The Forcing Alliances Theory relates to the
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functionalist theory in the way that alliances and cooperative ties would be lost. Cross-cultural
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Take Home Exam - Brad Miller SOC 304i Exam Type: A Men and...

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