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Chapter 11 Race and Ethnicity

Chapter 11 Race and Ethnicity - E Prejudice a rigid and...

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Chapter 11 Race and Ethnicity I. Racism: the belief that one racial category is innately superior or inferior to another; any attitude, belief, or institutional arrangement of one race over another. II. Race: a socially constructed category composed of people who share biologically transmitted traits that members of a society consider important A. Biological or social? 1. Skin color is not a great indicator anymore so race is more of a social thing B. Ethnicity: a shared cultural heritage, based on common ancestors, language, and religion C. Assimilation: the process by which minorities gradually adopt patterns of the dominant culture 1. Melting Pot or Salad Bowl? III. Theories of Prejudice A. Scapegoat theory: prejudice springs from frustration among people who are themselves disadvantaged B. Authoritarian personality theory: prejudice is a personality trait in some individuals C. Culture theory: there are individual differences, but everyone is prejudiced because it is embedded in culture D. Conflict theory: powerful people use prejudice to justify oppressing others
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Unformatted text preview: E. Prejudice: a rigid and irrational generalization about an entire category of people (an attitude or belief) F. Stereotypes: exaggerated descriptions applied to every person in some category G. Discrimination: treating various categories of people unequally (action) H. Institutional prejudice and discrimination: bias inherent in the operation of society’s institutions IV.Affirmative Action as a solution: A. Intended to provide opportunity for qualified minorities B. Just compensation for unfair majority preference in the past C. Prejudice and discrimination persist in subtle ways today and must be countered D. Since the 1960s, it has in fact helped many individuals and improved society by creating more racial equality V. Affirmative Action as a problem: A. The attempt to create colorblindness has led to reverse discrimination B. Its goal has been achieved; its time has passed; now it’s doing more harm than good...
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Chapter 11 Race and Ethnicity - E Prejudice a rigid and...

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