Study Guide Test 1

Study Guide Test 1 - Study Guide for Health Psychology Test...

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Study Guide for Health Psychology Test One General Information about Health Psych: Health psychology applies psychological principles and research, to enhance health and prevent and treat diseases and illness Deals with: o How we think o How we make decisions o How we deal with conflict o How we utilize social support Has a profound impact on our behavior both internally (physiology) and externally Domains of health psychology: o Physical Health o Psychological Health o Social Health Differences between the biomedical model and the biopsychosocial model: o Biomedical model: Became accepted in the 20 th century Illness always has a biological cause which is a result of a pathogen Is based on the Cartesian doctrine of mind-body dualism Labels health as nothing more than the absence of disease o Biopsychosocial Model: Focuses on the body and mind as two important interlinked systems Was able to explain disorders that had no observable physical cause (psychiatric disorders) Journal was made and explained health problems that included hypertension, migraine headaches, ulcers, hyperthyroidism, and asthma Psychosomatic Medicine o Based on the biopsychosocial model o Explained diseases that had no physical cause o Freud’s Psychoanalytic theory: Used to explain how specific diseases could be caused by a person’s psychological conflicts Stress Response Walter Cannon o Cannon is known for the flight or flight response o It describes an animals response to threats o He is also credited with coming up with the term homeostasis Hans Seyley o Did his research on stress o Focused mainly on how the body adapted to stress Research in the Field of Health Psychology There are three major categories of research methods in psychology: o Descriptive: A research method in which researchers observe and record participants behaviors, often forming hypotheses that are later subjected to a more systematic study Case Studies o Studies in which psychologists study one or more individuals extensively over a considerable period of time in order to uncover principles that are true of people in general o Allows for a complete analysis of the individual than other studies involving large groups Interviews and Surveys
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o Examine individual attitudes and benefits o Attempt to uncover typical attitudes or behaviors of a large sample of people o Subjects are asked to rate certain aspects of their own behavior, attitudes, or beliefs o Observational Studies A non-experimental research method in which a researcher observes and records the behavior of a research participant These studies may be unstructured or highly structured: Naturalistic observations are unobtrusive methods observing and recording the subjects behavior Laboratory studies can be highly structured and therefore control for more variable o Correlational Studies This is a statistical measure of the relationship between two variables
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Study Guide Test 1 - Study Guide for Health Psychology Test...

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