Phil1October 26

Phil1October 26 - Continued 1 The Cogito Judgment a...

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October 26, 2007 Continued 1) The Cogito Judgment a. Question: so is Descartes making the following inference? b. I doubt, therefore I think, therefore I am (Dubio, ergo cogito, ergo sum) c. He doesn’t explicitly say: Cogito, ergo sum d. What he actually says is: Cogito, sum e. He refers to “I think, I am” as a statement 2) Descartes on Mind and Body a. Descartes asks: What am I essentially? What are my essential properties? i. Essential Property : property F is an essential property of X if and only if 1. It is necessary that if X exists, then X has F. b. Descartes: :I am essentially a thinking thing c. There is no possible way for the world to be such that I exist but fail to be a thinking thing d. Question: Am I also essentially an extended thing? e. Another way of asking: am I essentially a material thing? (or am I essentially a body?) i. Material things are essentially extended ii. The wax example f. Descartes puts the Evil Genius scenario to another purpose, that of demonstrating the distinctness of mind and body g.
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