A Detailed Guide to Informative Speeches and Presentations
In this guide, you can learn
• about the purposes and types of informative speeches
• about writing and delivering informative speeches, and
• about the parts of informative speeches
• due dates, requirements, and suggested timelines
Take a look at the items listed below to get a detailed description of each section:
Informative speaking offers you an opportunity to practice your researching, writing, organizing,
and speaking skills. You will learn how to discover and present information clearly. If you take
the time to thoroughly research and understand your topic, to create a clearly organized speech,
and to practice an enthusiastic, dynamic style of delivery, you can be an effective "teacher"
during your informative speech. Finally, you will get a chance to practice a type of speaking you
will undoubtedly use later in your professional caree r.
The purpose of the informative speech is to provide interesting, useful, and unique information to
your audience. By dedicating yourself to the goals of providing information and appealing to
your audience, you can take a positive step toward succeeding in your efforts as an informative
In this guide, we focus on informative speeches about:
These categories provide an effective method of organizing and evaluating informative speeches.
Although they are not absolute, these categories provide a useful starting point for work on your
In general, you will use four major types of informative speeches. While you can classify
informative speeches many ways, the speech you deliver will fit into one of four major
Speeches about objects focus on things existing in the world. Objects include, among other
things, people, places, animals, or products.
Becau se you are speaking under time constraints, you cannot discuss any topic in its entirety.
Instead, limit your speech to a focused discussion of some aspect of your topic.
Some example topics for speeches about objects include: the Central Intelligence Agency,
tombstones, surgical lasers, Franklin Delano Roosevelt, the pituitary gland, and lemmings.
To focus these topics, you could give a speech about Franklin Delano Roosevelt and efforts to
conceal how he suffered from polio while he was in office. Or, a speech about tombstones could
focus on the creation and original designs of grave markers.
Speeches about processes focus on patterns of action. One type of speech about processes, the
demonstration speech, teaches people "how-to" perform a process. More frequently, however,