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Art history midterm study guide

Art history midterm study guide - Comparisons The Great...

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Comparisons The Great Mosque of Cordoba - First built in 784-786 AD by Abd al-Rahman I who was the only surviving member of the Umayyad Caliphate who reached Spain in 755 AD. Chased out of Syria and Morocco and ended up in Spain where he set up a proxy caliphate. - Decided to build the mosque after he unified al-Andalus in Cordoba, an urban setting - Was the first monumental expression of Muslim rule/hegemony in Spain - Initially divided a church in half had church in one half and mosque in the other, tore down all other churches. Used materials from destroyed churches in Great Mosque, such as columns and capitals. o Intimacy between Christian populations and Muslim populations Great Mosque of Damascus, Dome of the Rock - Bought the church from Christians, let them build churches outside city walls - Original Great Mosque o Lots of nostalgia to Umayyads o Enclosed courtyard o Columns sustaining ten arcades of twelve bays each Repetition of single support to create prayer hall Seem like roman aqueducts had capitals and pillars that were stolen from ruined churches Tended to be various heights, added capital blocks to even them out Link back to great mosque of Damascus o Arches over columns that weren’t always even, raises height of the roof, made the prayer hall more spacious Like Merida—roman aqueduct Church of San Juan Double horseshoe arches – Christian influence composed of voussoirs in which deep red brick and white stone alternate Like those in Great Mosque of Damascus and Dome of the Rock o Central aisle leading to mihrab niche wider than others, had red column shafts First mihrab with scalloped shaped top was destroyed with expansion of mosque As rebuildings took place they became more and more luxurious and ornate and representative of rulers consolidation of power - Expansions o 836 Abd al-Rahman II and son Muhammad Prayer hall extended 8 bays of twelve to the south Consistency with older scheme Muhammad added maqsura —reserved place where emir prayed Door to maqsura with large blind horseshoe arch above it with false voussoirs – harkening back to interior design by Abd al-Rahman I Rectangular o Al-Mundhir Treasury on one side of the mosque Crated sabat or covered passage from palace to special door to mosque o Abd al-Rahman III (950s) Mosque courtyard with alternating piers and columns that harkened back to the Great Mosque of Damascus Art History Midterm Study Guide 1
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Mosque’s first true minaret built upon an earlier one. Very tall with Domed pavilion
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Art history midterm study guide - Comparisons The Great...

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