Course Hero Logo

BUSN 4713 Final Essay.docx - Koehler 1 Southwestern...

Course Hero uses AI to attempt to automatically extract content from documents to surface to you and others so you can study better, e.g., in search results, to enrich docs, and more. This preview shows page 1 - 4 out of 13 pages.

Koehler 1Southwestern Christian UniversityThe Ethics of Child Labor in Developing NationsJohn KoehlerBUSN 4713Prof. John Martin12 March 2021
Koehler 2Child labor is a very complex social phenomenon that has been debated for and against byvarious groups throughout our modern era. Some have deemed it a necessary evil, others have pointedto positive outcomes of it, and still, others have decried it as a system of exploitation that harmschildren and reduces them to slaves. This paper will explore this complicated issue to reveal that certainchild labors are detrimental to the health and well-being of children and should be eliminated whereverand whenever they occur anywhere in the world. And that in other situations, child labor can be bothnecessary and crucial to the child and its family’s survival. This issue has both a moral and an ethicaldimension.Waging a war against all child labor is both naive and harmful to children in developingnations.The International Labor Organization has defined child labor as “work that deprives childrenof their childhood, their potential, and their dignity and that is harmful to their physicaland mental development.” (ILO). Other definitions focus on the ages of the children usually 5 to 14years old, and include wording like “dangerous or hazardous- having the potential to hinder ornegatively affect their health, education, moral, or normal development.” (Abdul-Mumuni 3). Still,other definitions focus on the loss of childhood and the emotional damage that it can cause. The sheerdiversity of such definitions enables one to see that perspective is important in understanding this issue.To those who are well-fed and economically secure, the idea of children daily selling items atbusy intersections is deplorable. But to those who are hungry and homeless, this is just a necessary factof life. Academic literature has implicitly and repeatedly stated that child labor is a symptom ofpoverty. “Rather than addressing child labor in a manner that acknowledges it as a response to systemicconditions affecting a family unit, most interventions into child labor... have framed it as a moral issuethat can be resolved by changing individual practices and beliefs.” (Campoamor 253). Until the causesof child labor is understood, the solutions that are proposed will be ineffective or incomplete.
Koehler 3Types of Child LaborAnother crucial aspect of this debate concerns where it is that children are working. Child laborin agricultural settings has been common and acceptable for thousands of years, but the advent of theIndustrial Revolution has introduced children into dangerous environments where they toiled manyhours in dreary conditions. (Kashif 6). In developing nations, agriculture is the basis for many’ssurvival; this farming often requires the involvement of all members of the family and can limit oreliminate a child’s opportunity to attend school. “In Nepal in 1999, 85% “of economically active

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

End of preview. Want to read all 13 pages?

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Term
Spring
Professor
N/A
Tags
Poverty, John Koehler

Newly uploaded documents

Show More

Newly uploaded documents

Show More

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture