IDs for Final - Islamic Art IDs 1. Arabesque.(tawriq) The...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
1. Arabesque .( tawriq ) The arabesque is an elaborative application of repeating geometric forms that often echo the forms of plants and animals. Arabesques are an element of Islamic art usually found decorating the walls of mosques . Constitutes of an infinite pattern that extends beyond the visible material world. To many in the Islamic world, they in fact symbolize the infinite, and therefore uncentralized, nature of the creation of the one God. Conveys the definite spirituality without the use of iconography in Christian art. 2. Muqarnas : is a type of corbel used as a decorative device in traditional Islamic and Persian architecture .Squinch Adornment. One of the common elements of Islami art. 3. Ivan( Iwan) : portal niche in courtyard. It is a vaulted hall or space, walled on three sides, with one end entirely open. A trademark of Sassanid architecture in Persia later finding its way to Islamic art. It usually opens into an open space; a courtyard. This architectural element has been used in both mosques and residential buildings. Important ID’s – Islamic Theology and Philosophy 1. Mu’tazilites : major Islamic intellectual and theological movement famous for defending freedom of the will the absolute unity of God and the createdness of the Quran. Also known as rationalists. a. God is rational God b. Reason tell us what is possible and impossible within the belief. c. Hadith not reliable enough for doctrine. - Emphasis on reason. 2. Abu al-Hasan al-Ash’ari and Ash’arism: *compromise between mutazalities reasoning using rationalist philosophy to legitimize sunni philosophy. a. Figurative interpretation of God’s attributes. b. Speculation allowed to present heretical beliefs c. Mutazilite tools used to achieve literalist results. -even though man has free will, he has no power to change anything 3. Khawd : speculating about God’s nature and attributes a. Does God have hands? Two hands? Do they look like ours?. ..etc 4. Kalam : speculative theology a. "Kalam" refers to the Islamic philosophy of seeking theological principles through dialectic . i.
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course RELIG 211 taught by Professor Brown during the Spring '08 term at University of Washington.

Page1 / 5

IDs for Final - Islamic Art IDs 1. Arabesque.(tawriq) The...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online