Geography studyguide2.101

Geography studyguide2.101 - STUDY GUIDE EXAM II GEOGRAPHY...

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STUDY GUIDE EXAM II   GEOGRAPHY 101 GRIPSHOVER DIRECTIONS: Use the study guide to assist in your preparations for the exam. Do not rely solely on the study guide! Be sure to review all notes, assignments, and readings. Good luck! 1. What is “caste” and how has it influenced society in India? The caste system was left behind from the Aryans . This is mostly associated with Hinduism, but it was widely borrowed from the Arians. Caste is status, something that you are born into and cannot be changed. Caste determines most about a person’s life. 2. Who is a “dalit?” The lowest caste is the Dalits or the Untouchables. These people sweep out waste from streets, they cannot ride on public transportation, etc. 3. Who are the “Brahmins” and what has their role been in society? The Brahmin were of the warrior or high priest caste. This is the highest caste. 4. How did Mohandas Gandhi’s reforms change Indian society? He began an effort to eliminate untouchable. India now bans castes. 1940s India began affirmative action that reserves a portion of government jobs for Dalits. 5. What type of meat would be taboo in Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Afghanistan? What about India? Pork in Pakistan Bangladesh, Afghanistan. Beef in india 6. What is a “junior bride” and how does this institution reflect the general status of women? Being a Junior Bride means that you live with your in laws until you are old enough to marry, they take care of you. Junior Brides become the live-in maid What is the Chipko Movement and how did it influence South Asia?   The first environmental movement was in 1973 called the Chipko movement. It was started by women! They stood against
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deforestation and tied themselves to trees. This is insane because women were not equal. 7. Why are the Ganges and Brahmaputra Rivers important to India and Bangladesh? South asia today has more than 20% of the worlds pop but only 4% of water. Conflict between india and bangledesh over the ganga river. 8. Why is Bangladesh displeased with India’s policy concerning the Ganges River? During the dry monsoon, the river level starts to drop. “Nature likes things at equilibrium.” The mouth of the river comes out of the delta region near Bangladesh, at the Bay of Bengal. The bay tries to move up the delta and even things out 2. India promises to not take any more water from the river, which pulls the fresh water back, emptying the bay. This just hurts Bangladesh. 9. What was the Narmada River project and who benefited and why? In the middle of the river there is another river named the Narmada River (think of it like the TN river). There were people living in the N River valley. They built a dam, and the water backed up, but there is no place to move these people in India. They had to relocate 320,000 farmers. This is a cross of TVA and the Cherokee removal. The government took the land ‘for a good cause’ and said that they had great land, the Thar Desert. They got mad and marched on the capitol, Delhi, and
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Geography studyguide2.101 - STUDY GUIDE EXAM II GEOGRAPHY...

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