Ch. 1 Student Notes

Ch. 1 Student Notes - Chapter 1 The Sociological...

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Chapter 1 The Sociological Perspective Henslin Chapter 1 Outline Adapted from: Fowler, L. A. (2008). Instructor’s manual for Henslin: Essentials of sociology a down-to-earth approach (7 th ed.). Boston: Allyn & Bacon. Henslin, J. M. (2007). Essentials of sociology: A down-to-earth approach (7 th ed.). Boston: Allyn I. The Sociological Perspective A. The sociological perspective (or imagination) helps us to understand human behavior by placing it in its broader social context. It gives us a framework for analyzing and understanding both our own society and unfamiliar ones. B. Social location , or the group memberships that result from individuals’ locations in history and society, is an integral aspect of the sociological perspective. 1. Social location helps explain how social factors, such as social class, race, ethnicity, gender, age, and religion, shape how people behave. 2. Sociologist C. Wright Mills explained the concept of social location when he stated that, “The sociological imagination enables us to grasp the connection between history and biography.” II. Origins of Sociology A. People have always theorized about social life, but sociology as a discipline developed in the mid-1800’s when European social observers began to apply scientific methods to test their ideas. 1. Sociology emerged during a time of social upheaval as the Industrial Revolution was bringing urbanization and an abandonment of traditions. 2. The success of the American and French revolutions was encouraging people to rethink their ideas about social life as democracy came on the scene and monarchies fell. 3. Early sociologists exploring the rapidly changing social environment of the time argued over whether sociology should exist for the sake of generating knowledge or for the purpose of guiding social reform, a debate that continues into the present. B. The earliest sociologists laid the groundwork for the field of sociology with their
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Ch. 1 Student Notes - Chapter 1 The Sociological...

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