Ch. 7 Student Notes

Ch. 7 Student Notes - Henslin Chapter 7 Outline Adapted...

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Henslin Chapter 7 Outline Adapted from: Fowler, L. A. (2008). Instructor’s manual for Henslin: Essentials of sociology a down-to-earth approach (7 th ed.). Boston: Allyn & Bacon. Henslin, J. M. (2007). Essentials of sociology: A down-to-earth approach (7 th I. Forms of Social Stratification A. Social stratification is a system in which large groups of people are divided into layers based on their relative power, property, and prestige. 1. Stratification affects our life chances and our orientations to life. 2. Every society stratifies its members. 3. Within every society, gender is used as one basis for stratification. B. Slavery is a form of stratification in which some people own other people. 1. Slavery has been common throughout history and has varied greatly in the way that it has been practiced over time and throughout the world. 2. Initially, slavery was based on the need to pay off debt, punishment for violation of the law, or defeat in battle. 3. Some analysts believe that, in America, an ideology of racism developed to justify a slavery system that was not based on the above conditions. 4. Although universally illegal, slavery continues in parts of Africa, and human trafficking is a problem throughout the world. C. A caste system is a form of stratification in which status is determined by birth, is lifelong, and cannot be changed by one’s effort or achievement. 1. Societies with caste systems attempt to ensure that the boundaries between castes remain firm by prohibiting intermarriage and by teaching that contact with lower castes results in contamination. 2.
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Ch. 7 Student Notes - Henslin Chapter 7 Outline Adapted...

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