Level of Awareness of Cardiovascular Diseases among Relatives of Patients with CADIntroductionCardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are a group of diseases that affect blood vessels andthe heart. CVDs include coronary artery diseases (CAD) such as myocardial infarction (heartattack) and angina (George & Andhuvan, 2017). Statistics indicate that up to90%of CVDcases can be prevented. The prevention measures of CVDs entail improving risk factorsthrough limiting intake of alcohol, avoiding tobacco smoking, exercise, and healthy eating.Treating risk factors such as diabetes, high blood pressure, and blood lipids is also beneficialin preventing CVDs. Note that roughly30%of all global deaths are attributed to CVDs.However, the patterns mortality rates vary between low and middle income countries andhigh-income or developed countries. The overall mortality rate of CVDs is currentlyestimated to be28%in low and middle-income countries, while the CVD deaths rates in high-income countries in approximately38%. Although the mortality rate in low income countriesis less than that of high income countries, a great variance exists from as low as10%in SubSaharan Africa to as high as58%in Eastern Europe (George & Andhuvan, 2017). Variousstudies have shown that creating awareness of CVDs plays an important role in minimizingthere severity. As such, tis research intends to determine the level of awareness regardingCVDs among the relatives of patients with CAD.Background and Significance of the ProblemCreating awareness on Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) among relatives of CADpatients helps in reducing the fatality of the disease. CAD risk factors can be modifiable orpartially modifiable (for instance diabetes, obesity, hypertension, high cholesterol levels, lackof exercise, and smoking) or non-modifiable (such as family history, sex, and age).Considering that modifiable factors are majority of CAD risk factors, CAD patients and their
relatives can take adequate measures to ensure that the patient does not engage or come intocontact with these factors, thereby improving the outcome of the disease.Creating awareness on cardiovascular diseases is a significant problem in nursingbecause there is little information available to various populations regarding these diseases.Therefore, nurses find it a challenge when attending to patients considering that many of theadverse outcomes resulting from the disease could have been avoided only if patients andtheir relatives had adequate information on the disease. Therefore, the purpose of theproposed research study is to determine the level of awareness among the relatives of CADpatients and determine how the knowledge gaps can be bridged.