8-30-07 - 8/30/2007 Chapter 1 psychology The study of...

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8/30/2007 Chapter 1 psychology The study of mental processes and behavior Lecture outline: ~Brief history ~perspectives in psycholgy -Psychodynamic -Behaviorist -Cognitive -Evolutionary Psychology is defined as the scientific investigation of mental processes and behavior Psychologival processes reflect the influence of: -biologival processes of the cells within the nervous system -the context of cultural beliefs and values John Locke: (1632-1704) EMPIRICISM – the idea that you gain knowledge through doing something/experiencing it. Tabula Rasa – literally, blank slate/clean paper. The idea that a child’s mind is a blank slate when theyr’e born, so everything they experience they learn. Very elitist – saw dumb and smart people, and wondered what makes people dumb or smart. Early psychological science -wilhelm Wundt -established the FIRST psychological laboratory (1849) Wundt used the method of INTROSPECTION to examine th emental process Observers were trained to provide verbal reports of their psychological processes Wundt sought to define the STRUCTURE of conciousness Perspectives in psychology (picture of two faces/vase)
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-any psychlogical issue can be approaced using a number of perspectives -we can be biased in our perspectives 4 perspectives -psychodynamic -behaviorist -evolutionary -cognitive Psychodynamiv perspective -the psychodynamic view posits that conscious and unconscious forces interact to control our thoughts
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course PSYCH 1061 taught by Professor Lytle during the Fall '07 term at Temple.

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8-30-07 - 8/30/2007 Chapter 1 psychology The study of...

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