Psy 201 test 4

Psy 201 test 4 - Personality I: Personality traits Lecture...

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Personality I: Personality traits Lecture Outline Personality o Definition o Trait theory o The big 5 o The Nature- nurture question o Personality and national character Personality? Walter Mischel o Distinctive patterns of behavior, thoughts, and feelings that characterize an individual and influence the individual to life situations Theories of personality Freud Gordan Allport Allpoort’s trait theory Dispositional approach to personality o Stable individual differences across life span o Identify/ measure traits (building blocks to personality) Seem to come in 4 categories Trait versus state distinction o States are temporary and contextual Psychoanalytic Humanistic Trait Behaviorism
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Major points of T|RAITS for personality psychology Dispositional: provide consistency in behavior Varying kinds: some superficial and specific; others basic and general Measure traits by overt behavior and self-report More on cental Traits: The big 5 model Big 5 personality Traits o Psychometric approach (traits) How many (3-5-16-35)? o Using factor analysis (fancy correlation statistic) on self report questionnaire Identify clusters of related items o Dimensions predict, interestingly: Health, mortality, academic success, job performance, relationships, drug abuse, criminality The Big 5: NEOAC (assessed via the NEO-PI) 5 Personality dimensions (traits) o Neurotic: a tendency to experience unpleasant emotions easily Anxious, tense, self conscious, depressed, impulsive o Extroversion: a tendency to seek stimulation and the company of others Warm, gregarious, assertive, impulsive o Openness to new experiences: a tendency to enjoy new intellectual experiences Art, music, film, etc. o Agreeableness: a tendency to be compassionate Trusting, social concerns o conscientiousness: a tendency to show self discipline and competence dutiful, achievement oriented Common Culture & society determining class Membership Central Tendencies highly characteristic of the individual & easy to infer 5-10. Perhaps 16?) Secondary Highly focal characteristics and limited in occurrence (likes and dislikes) Cardinal Dominant characteristics influencing every aspect of one’s life
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Nature vs. Nurture and Personality Once again. Looking at correlational data from twin studies o On the extraversion scale (others too) .58-.62 for MZ twins (identical) .20-.28 for DZ twins (fraternal) adopted siblings show no correlation in personality o another finding shows correlations among twins tend to increase into old age… why is that? Personality II:
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course PSYCH 101 taught by Professor Leslie during the Fall '08 term at Ole Miss.

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Psy 201 test 4 - Personality I: Personality traits Lecture...

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