Chapter 9 - the government debt problem It consolidated a...

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Chapter 9 Chapter 9: The Return to Order The revolution had given equal rights to male citizens, established a strong central  government, strengthened position of property-owning bourgeoisie and of peasant  landholders and sharpened the gender division between men and women. They had not  been able to assure political stability. Thermidor unleashed a reaction against the Terror and the radical revolution that they  could not control The “thermidorian reaction” turned against the revolution’s social and economic  policies Thermidorian conspirators wanted to eliminate Robespierre’s (Jacobin) methods The new constitution of 1795 limited the right to vote and to hold office to the  wealthiest taxpayers The Directory was the only regime in the country’s history for which no one ever  expressed nostalgia after it fell The Directory reverted to metallic currency, achieved monetary stability and resolved 
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Unformatted text preview: the government debt problem. It consolidated a new set of institutions to organize France’s intellectual life; the convention had already begun to replace the aristocratically dominated royal academies of the old regime with new, more professionally oriented institutions for research and teaching. The Directory’s most striking achievements were in the realm of foreign affairs The revolutionary war began to change into a war of conquest The Directory could not achieve political peace at home Jacobins denounced it for being insufficiently dedicated to the principles of liberty and equality Napolean reappeared in Paris; he abandoned the revolutionary radicalism that had once made him a friend of Robespierre’s younger brother and had led to his arrest after thermidor...
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