ch 1 - Constitution ratified in 1789 First rule of...

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Constitution ratified in 1789 First rule of politics: self-interest Unitary state- one government runs everything Created a federal government o Cuts sovereignty in half o Some power to the central government o The rest left to the states o Created the enumerated powers for the federal government Article 1, section 8 o Created the reserved powers for the state Everything besides the enumerated o Implied powers/elastic clause Any other power necessary and proper to carry out the above mentioned powers o 70% of what the government does is not in the Constitution o There is no federal government, only central Federal refers to the whole The U.S Constitution (and constitutions in general) o Enacting clause Like a salutation preamble o Framework of Government Articles 1-4 o Grant and restrict powers
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Articles 1-4 Enumerated powers are technically the power of Congress o Bill of Rights First 10 amendments o Method of Change Article 5 o Legislative garbage Laws Amendment process o Proposal 2/3 Congress 2/3 state can call national convention o Ratification ¾ state legislature State convention o Informal change All change either: Framework (4) Powers Rights (16) Legislative revision Using the implied powers clause The “living constitution” because it adjusted to meet modern needs Income tax amendment is the only amendment that gave the government more power
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Executive practices i.e. preparing the budget judicial review and interpretation John Marshall Marbury v. Madison o Establishes judicial review Pragmatism (utilitarian) Enlightenment- the age of reason Separation of Power o Checks and balances o Gridlock isn’t a flaw…it is the system Structure of government o Legislative branch Congress Meant to be the most powerful Most democratic Bicameralism Two houses Senate o 100 senators o Term of a senator: 6 years o 30 years old o Live in the state o Citizen of U.S. for 9 years House of Representatives
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o 435 o Term of a rep: 2 years o 25 years old o Citizen of U.S. 7 years o Live in the state Powers of Congress Make laws Collect and distribute finances Amend the Constitution Elect or ratify officials Judge internal work of government o Impeachment- to bring charges
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course POLS 121 taught by Professor Davis during the Fall '08 term at Saint Louis.

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ch 1 - Constitution ratified in 1789 First rule of...

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