Midterm Vocabulary - History Midterm Hominid a creature belonging to the family Hominidae which includes human and humanlike species the creature

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History Midterm Hominid – a creature belonging to the family Hominidae, which includes human and humanlike species; the creature that came before Homo sapiens Homo erectus – evolved in a single location in Africa; immediately replaced all other hominid species in Africa; first hominid to walk and run fully upright; skulls smaller than those of modern humans; lived and hunted in small nomadic bands; created simple stone tools and weapons Homo Neanderthalensis – arrived in the near east about 1,000 BC; more advanced culture; practiced the ritual defleshing of the body; may have arisen as an adaptation to a colder climate; first found in Germany Homo floresiensis – dwarf species found in Indonesia; used stone tools similar to those of other species in the late Paleolithic Age; could have survived until the 19 th century; earliest dates to 12,000 years ago Homo sapiens – only modern hominid species; evolved about two hundred thousand years ago; may have lived side-by-side with Neanderthals in some regions Paleolithic (“Old Stone Age”) – era of civilization before the invention of agriculture “Mitochondrial Eve” – the name researchers gave to the woman who is matrilineally the most recent common ancestor for all living humans, from whom all mitochondrial DNA in living humans is derived; lived about 150,000 years ago in Africa Neolithic (“New Stone Age”) – 10,000 to 4,000 BC, which was marked by the discovery and
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course HIST 2701 taught by Professor Mattern during the Spring '08 term at University of Georgia Athens.

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Midterm Vocabulary - History Midterm Hominid a creature belonging to the family Hominidae which includes human and humanlike species the creature

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